『开发技巧』全网最详尽手把手教你在Ubuntu安装搜狗输入法

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最近在使用Ubuntu进行开发,用惯了搜狗输入法,所以尝试在Ubuntu上安装使用。发现网络上的教程都不够完整,所以把自己探索安装完整过程记录下来。

 

0x01:安装fcitx

 

命令行执行

sudo apt-get install fcitx fcitx-table-wbpy
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0x02:设置系统输入法

 

搜狗输入法已支持Ubuntu1604、1804、1910、2004、2010

各系统安装步骤可能略有不同,以Ubuntu1804为例。

1、添加中文语言支持

打开 系统设置——区域和语言——管理已安装的语言——在“语言”tab下——点击“添加或删除语言”

弹出“已安装语言”窗口,勾选中文(简体),点击应用

回到“语言支持”窗口,在键盘输入法系统中,选择“fcitx”

注:

如果在键盘输入法系统中,没有“fcitx”选项时,建议先打开终端手动安装fcitx:

sudo apt-get install fcitx
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等安装成功之后再执行上述步骤

点击“应用到整个系统”,关闭窗口,重启电脑

2、通过命令行安装搜狗输入法

首先在此界面下载搜狗输入法Linux版:pinyin.sogou.com/linux/?r=pi…

sudo dpkg -i sogoupinyin_版本号_amd64.deb
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注:

如果安装过程中提示缺少相关依赖,则执行如下命令解决:

sudo apt -f install
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3、笔者实践过程:

输入

sudo dpkg -i sogoupinyin_2.4.0.3469_amd64.deb 
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输出

Selecting previously unselected package sogoupinyin.
(Reading database ... 285619 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack sogoupinyin_2.4.0.3469_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking sogoupinyin (2.4.0.3469) ...
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of sogoupinyin:
 sogoupinyin depends on fcitx-libs | libfcitx-qt0; however:
  Package fcitx-libs is not installed.
  Package libfcitx-qt0 is not installed.
 sogoupinyin depends on libqt5qml5; however:
  Package libqt5qml5 is not installed.
 sogoupinyin depends on libqt5quick5; however:
  Package libqt5quick5 is not installed.
 sogoupinyin depends on libqt5quickwidgets5; however:
  Package libqt5quickwidgets5 is not installed.
 sogoupinyin depends on qml-module-qtquick2; however:
  Package qml-module-qtquick2 is not installed.

dpkg: error processing package sogoupinyin (--install):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.13.3-11ubuntu1.1) ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.23-1ubuntu3.18.04.2) ...
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.60ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.17-2) ...
Errors were encountered while processing:
 sogoupinyin
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输入

sudo apt install -f
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输出

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Correcting dependencies... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  linux-headers-5.4.0-67-generic linux-hwe-5.4-headers-5.4.0-66 linux-hwe-5.4-headers-5.4.0-67
  linux-image-5.4.0-67-generic linux-modules-5.4.0-67-generic linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-67-generic
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
  fcitx-libs libfcitx-qt0 libqt5qml5 libqt5quick5 libqt5quickwidgets5 qml-module-qtquick2
Suggested packages:
  qt5-qmltooling-plugins
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  fcitx-libs libfcitx-qt0 libqt5qml5 libqt5quick5 libqt5quickwidgets5 qml-module-qtquick2
0 upgraded, 6 newly installed, 0 to remove and 77 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
Need to get 2,583 kB of archives.
After this operation, 10.2 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 
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输入“Y”回车

Get:1 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic/universe amd64 libfcitx-qt0 amd64 1:4.2.9.6-1 [69.0 kB]
Get:2 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic/universe amd64 fcitx-libs all 1:4.2.9.6-1 [4,136 B]
Get:3 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 libqt5qml5 amd64 5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1 [1,242 kB]
Get:4 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 libqt5quick5 amd64 5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1 [1,201 kB]
Get:5 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 libqt5quickwidgets5 amd64 5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1 [35.7 kB]
Get:6 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/universe amd64 qml-module-qtquick2 amd64 5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1 [31.4 kB]
Fetched 2,583 kB in 5s (555 kB/s)              
Selecting previously unselected package libfcitx-qt0:amd64.
(Reading database ... 286466 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../0-libfcitx-qt0_1%3a4.2.9.6-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libfcitx-qt0:amd64 (1:4.2.9.6-1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package fcitx-libs.
Preparing to unpack .../1-fcitx-libs_1%3a4.2.9.6-1_all.deb ...
Unpacking fcitx-libs (1:4.2.9.6-1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libqt5qml5:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../2-libqt5qml5_5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libqt5qml5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libqt5quick5:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../3-libqt5quick5_5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libqt5quick5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libqt5quickwidgets5:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../4-libqt5quickwidgets5_5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libqt5quickwidgets5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package qml-module-qtquick2:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../5-qml-module-qtquick2_5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking qml-module-qtquick2:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up libqt5qml5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up libqt5quick5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up qml-module-qtquick2:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up libqt5quickwidgets5:amd64 (5.9.5-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up libfcitx-qt0:amd64 (1:4.2.9.6-1) ...
Setting up sogoupinyin (2.4.0.3469) ...
Setting up fcitx-libs (1:4.2.9.6-1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.27-3ubuntu1.2) ...
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再次执行安装搜狗命令

sudo dpkg -i sogoupinyin_2.4.0.3469_amd64.deb
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输出

(Reading database ... 286507 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack sogoupinyin_2.4.0.3469_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking sogoupinyin (2.4.0.3469) over (2.4.0.3469) ...
Setting up sogoupinyin (2.4.0.3469) ...
Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.13.3-11ubuntu1.1) ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.23-1ubuntu3.18.04.2) ...
Processing triggers for mime-support (3.60ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for hicolor-icon-theme (0.17-2) ...
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表示安装成功,然后重启系统

配置输入法步骤

1.点击下面图中图标,选择“配置当前输入法”

2.点击又下角“+”号,导入搜狗输入法

3.选择“搜狗个人输入法”,后点击确认

4.选择添加好的搜狗输入法,点击“^”,调制第一位。

完成后,屏幕右上角会出现搜狗图标,搜狗输入法就配置成功可以使用了。

 

4、注销计算机(重启系统)即可正常使用搜狗输入法

 

0x03:尾巴

参考1.pinyin.sogou.com/linux/help.…

 

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