SpringBoot RocketMQ消息监听器(RocketMQMessageListener)后置注册

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一、问题说明

此篇文章会涉及到SpringBoot RocketMQ源码,后面会单独出一篇详细介绍源码

  1. SpringBoot RocketMQ可以从源码中查看到实现了SmartInitializingSingleton接口,在所有Bean注册完成之后就会开始注册,注册使用的是main线程,就会导致如果消息队列积压大量消息时注册占用main线程时间过长,导致SpringBoot不能完全完成初始化(主要影响web无法对外提供接口访问)
  • 源码注册入口:org.apache.rocketmq.spring.autoconfigure.ListenerContainerConfiguration#afterSingletonsInstantiated

image.png

  1. 例如生产环境使用k8s集群部署,当消息积压过大时无法快速完成启动对外提供就绪检查接口,就会导致pod就绪检查失败,从而pod不停重启无法完成正常启动(实际上服务在正常处理消息,消费占用了初始化时长)

本次主要使用RocketMQ消息监听器后置注册方案,k8s层面也可以解决,但是不在本次讨论范围之内

RocketMQ消息监听器后置注册:就是在SpringBoot启动完成可以正常接收外部接口请求时再动态注册消息加监听器

本篇文章初衷如下

  • 主要讨论RocketMQ如果在SpringBoot中后置注册,也就是我们自己控制注册顺序,而不是SpringBoot自动装配完成注册
  • 讨论的方案不涉及改动源码,而是直接通过正常方式达到后置注册目的

主要解决

  • 不希望在服务启动时就注册消息监听器,而是服务完全启动后再开始注册消息监听器

前置文章参考

二、处理方案

  1. 通过上面的源码可以看到,afterSingletonsInstantiated方法完成消息监听器的注册,所以此时就需要拦截消息监听器的注册,拦截注册有两个方法
  • 改源码(不属于本篇文章讨论范围,同时也不建议,除非公司有专门维护的同事)
  • 通过AOP切片,拦截方法注册
  1. AOP切片原理
  • 在SpringAOP中,我们可以通过 @Around 注解切入一个方法,只有我们自己调用ProceedingJoinPoint的proceed() 方法时才会触发方法本身的调用
  • 所以原理就是通过@Around切入方法,但是不调用proceed()方法,直接返回,就可以完成拦截的目的

三、代码示例

3.1 AOP拦截RocketMQMessageListener注册

  • 代码示例如下
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.Order;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * RocketMQ注册拦截,自行注册,加快容器启动速度
 *
 * @author tianxincoord@163.com
 * @since 2022/8/15
 */
@Component
@Aspect
@Order(1)
@Slf4j
public class RocketMqSkipRegisterAop {
    /**
     * 通过切入afterSingletonsInstantiated拦截注册
     */
    @Around("execution(* org.apache.rocketmq.spring.autoconfigure.ListenerContainerConfiguration.afterSingletonsInstantiated())")
    public Object init(ProceedingJoinPoint joinPoint) {
        log.info("RocketMQ开启代理,默认注册已跳过");
        /// 不调用原生执行方法,直接返回null,跳过方法调用
        // Object proceed = joinPoint.proceed();
        // return proceed
        return null;
    }
}

3.2 编写自定义注册类

由于ListenerContainerConfiguration注册类方法被切面拦截,所以可以复制一个这个类出来保留里面的方法,然后调整一下参数等信息,根据自己需要,也可以直接使用实例中的代码
示例类代码和ListenerContainerConfiguration基本一致,去掉继承关系和接口实现,当做普通类

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.AccessChannel;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.annotation.ConsumeMode;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.annotation.MessageModel;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.annotation.RocketMQMessageListener;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.autoconfigure.RocketMQProperties;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.core.RocketMQListener;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.core.RocketMQReplyListener;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.support.DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.support.RocketMQMessageConverter;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.aop.framework.AopProxyUtils;
import org.springframework.aop.scope.ScopedProxyUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionValidationException;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.core.env.StandardEnvironment;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

/**
 * RocketMQ队列监听器
 *
 * @author tianxincoord@163.com
 * @since 2022/09/23
 */
public class RocketMqListenerRegistry {
    private final static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(
            org.apache.rocketmq.spring.autoconfigure.ListenerContainerConfiguration.class);

    private final ConfigurableApplicationContext applicationContext;

    private final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong(0);

    private final StandardEnvironment environment;

    private final RocketMQProperties rocketMqProperties;

    private final RocketMQMessageConverter rocketMqMessageConverter;

    public RocketMqListenerRegistry(ConfigurableApplicationContext applicationContext,
                                    RocketMQMessageConverter rocketMqMessageConverter,
                                    StandardEnvironment environment,
                                    RocketMQProperties rocketMqProperties) {
        this.applicationContext = applicationContext;
        this.rocketMqMessageConverter = rocketMqMessageConverter;
        this.environment = environment;
        this.rocketMqProperties = rocketMqProperties;
    }


    public void afterSingletonsInstantiated() {
        Map<String, Object> beans = this.applicationContext.getBeansWithAnnotation(RocketMQMessageListener.class)
                .entrySet().stream().filter(entry -> !ScopedProxyUtils.isScopedTarget(entry.getKey()))
                .collect(Collectors.toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue));

        beans.forEach(this::registerContainer);
    }

    public void registerContainer(String beanName, Object bean) {
        Class<?> clazz = AopProxyUtils.ultimateTargetClass(bean);

        if (RocketMQListener.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass()) && RocketMQReplyListener.class.isAssignableFrom(
                bean.getClass())) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(
                    clazz + " cannot be both instance of " + RocketMQListener.class.getName() + " and " + RocketMQReplyListener.class.getName());
        }

        if (!RocketMQListener.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass()) && !RocketMQReplyListener.class.isAssignableFrom(
                bean.getClass())) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(
                    clazz + " is not instance of " + RocketMQListener.class.getName() + " or " + RocketMQReplyListener.class.getName());
        }

        RocketMQMessageListener annotation = clazz.getAnnotation(RocketMQMessageListener.class);

        String consumerGroup = this.environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.consumerGroup());
        String topic = this.environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.topic());

        boolean listenerEnabled = (boolean) rocketMqProperties.getConsumer().getListeners()
                .getOrDefault(consumerGroup, Collections.EMPTY_MAP).getOrDefault(topic, true);

        if (!listenerEnabled) {
            log.debug(
                    "Consumer Listener (group:{},topic:{}) is not enabled by configuration, will ignore initialization.",
                    consumerGroup, topic);
            return;
        }
        validate(annotation);

        String containerBeanName = String.format("%s_%s", DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer.class.getName(),
                counter.incrementAndGet());
        GenericApplicationContext genericApplicationContext = (GenericApplicationContext) applicationContext;

        genericApplicationContext.registerBean(containerBeanName, DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer.class,
                () -> createRocketMQListenerContainer(containerBeanName, bean, annotation));
        DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer container = genericApplicationContext.getBean(containerBeanName,
                DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer.class);
        if (!container.isRunning()) {
            try {
                container.start();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error("Started container failed. {}", container, e);
                throw new RuntimeException(e);
            }
        }

        log.info("Register the listener to container, listenerBeanName:{}, containerBeanName:{}", beanName,
                containerBeanName);
    }

    private DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer createRocketMQListenerContainer(String name, Object bean,
                                                                             RocketMQMessageListener annotation) {
        DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer container = new DefaultRocketMQListenerContainer();

        container.setRocketMQMessageListener(annotation);

        String nameServer = environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.nameServer());
        nameServer = StringUtils.isEmpty(nameServer) ? rocketMqProperties.getNameServer() : nameServer;
        String accessChannel = environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.accessChannel());
        container.setNameServer(nameServer);
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(accessChannel)) {
            container.setAccessChannel(AccessChannel.valueOf(accessChannel));
        }
        container.setTopic(environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.topic()));
        String tags = environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.selectorExpression());
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(tags)) {
            container.setSelectorExpression(tags);
        }
        container.setConsumerGroup(environment.resolvePlaceholders(annotation.consumerGroup()));
        if (RocketMQListener.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass())) {
            container.setRocketMQListener((RocketMQListener) bean);
        } else if (RocketMQReplyListener.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass())) {
            container.setRocketMQReplyListener((RocketMQReplyListener) bean);
        }
        container.setMessageConverter(rocketMqMessageConverter.getMessageConverter());
        container.setName(name);

        return container;
    }

    private void validate(RocketMQMessageListener annotation) {
        if (annotation.consumeMode() == ConsumeMode.ORDERLY && annotation.messageModel() == MessageModel.BROADCASTING) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionValidationException(
                    "Bad annotation definition in @RocketMQMessageListener, messageModel BROADCASTING does not support ORDERLY message!");
        }
    }
}

3.3 启动类启动自定义注册

在启动类中单独在SpringApplication.run(xxx.class, args);之后开始注册。SpringApplication.run执行完成才表示整个SpringBoot服务真正意义上的启动完成

import com.codecoord.rocketmq.config.RocketMqListenerRegistry;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.autoconfigure.RocketMQProperties;
import org.apache.rocketmq.spring.support.RocketMQMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.core.env.ConfigurableEnvironment;
import org.springframework.core.env.StandardEnvironment;

/**
 * RocketMQ启动类
 */
@Slf4j
@SpringBootApplication
public class RocketMqApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        /*
         * 指定使用的日志框架,否则将会报错
         * RocketMQLog:WARN No appenders could be found for logger (io.netty.util.internal.InternalThreadLocalMap).
         * RocketMQLog:WARN Please initialize the logger system properly.
         */
        System.setProperty("rocketmq.client.logUseSlf4j", "true");
        ConfigurableApplicationContext run = SpringApplication.run(RocketMqApplication.class, args);
        log.info("SpringBoot RocketMQ服务启动完成");
        ConfigurableEnvironment environment = run.getEnvironment();
        registerRocketMq(environment, run);
    }

    private static void registerRocketMq(ConfigurableEnvironment environment,
                                         ConfigurableApplicationContext applicationContext) {
        try {
            log.info("开始注册RocketMQ");
            RocketMQMessageConverter messageConverter = applicationContext.getBean(RocketMQMessageConverter.class);
            RocketMQProperties mqProperties = applicationContext.getBean(RocketMQProperties.class);
            RocketMqListenerRegistry registry = new RocketMqListenerRegistry(applicationContext, messageConverter, (StandardEnvironment) environment, mqProperties);
            // 手工调用此方法完成原来应该完成的注册调用
            registry.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
            log.info("RocketMQ注册成功");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // 此处可以整合消息通知,当注册失败时发送企业微信、钉钉、邮件等告警
            log.error("RocketMQ注册异常", e);
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
  • 上述注册也可以单独拆成的组件类,这样甚至可以通过controller接收命令的方式完成注册,美滋滋

四、代码测试

  1. 启动代码观察注册过程

image.png 2. 通过以上,可以保证服务快速启动,尽快提供web服务来告诉外界服务正常

五、特殊说明

  1. 如果项目是web和任务是分离的,那么上面的问题不存在,因为任务处理服务不需要处理web服务
  2. 欢迎大家留言探讨