【kafka学习笔记】 第六天--PHP接入kafka

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【kafka学习笔记】 第六天--PHP接入kafka

安装扩展

# 先安装rdkfka库文件
git clone https://github.com/edenhill/librdkafka.git

或者:

wget https://gitee.com/wanhedigital_1553363148/librdkafka/attach_files/619880/download/librdkafka-1.6.0.tar.gz -O librdkafka.tar.gz


cd librdkafka/
./configure 
make
sudo make install

pecl install   rdkafka

vim [php]/php.ini
extension=rdkafka.so
复制代码

生产者

<?php
$conf = new RdKafka\Conf();
$conf->setDrMsgCb(function ($kafka, $message) {
    file_put_contents("./dr_cb.log", var_export($message, true).PHP_EOL, FILE_APPEND);
});
$conf->setErrorCb(function ($kafka, $err, $reason) {
    file_put_contents("./err_cb.log", sprintf("Kafka error: %s (reason: %s)", rd_kafka_err2str($err), $reason).PHP_EOL, FILE_APPEND);
});

$rk = new RdKafka\Producer($conf);
$rk->setLogLevel(LOG_DEBUG);
$rk->addBrokers("127.0.0.1");

$cf = new RdKafka\TopicConf();
// -1必须等所有brokers同步完成的确认 1当前服务器确认 0不确认,这里如果是0回调里的offset无返回,如果是1和-1会返回offset
// 我们可以利用该机制做消息生产的确认,不过还不是100%,因为有可能会中途kafka服务器挂掉
$cf->set('request.required.acks', 0);
$topic = $rk->newTopic("test", $cf);

$option = 'qkl';
for ($i = 0; $i < 20; $i++) {
    //RD_KAFKA_PARTITION_UA自动选择分区
    //$option可选
    $topic->produce(RD_KAFKA_PARTITION_UA, 0, "qkl . $i", $option);
}


$len = $rk->getOutQLen();
while ($len > 0) {
    $len = $rk->getOutQLen();
    var_dump($len);
    $rk->poll(50);
}
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Low Level 消费者

<?php
$conf = new RdKafka\Conf();
$conf->setDrMsgCb(function ($kafka, $message) {
    file_put_contents("./c_dr_cb.log", var_export($message, true), FILE_APPEND);
});
$conf->setErrorCb(function ($kafka, $err, $reason) {
    file_put_contents("./err_cb.log", sprintf("Kafka error: %s (reason: %s)", rd_kafka_err2str($err), $reason).PHP_EOL, FILE_APPEND);
});

//设置消费组
$conf->set('group.id', 'myConsumerGroup');

$rk = new RdKafka\Consumer($conf);
$rk->addBrokers("127.0.0.1");

$topicConf = new RdKafka\TopicConf();
$topicConf->set('request.required.acks', 1);
//在interval.ms的时间内自动提交确认、建议不要启动
//$topicConf->set('auto.commit.enable', 1);
$topicConf->set('auto.commit.enable', 0);
$topicConf->set('auto.commit.interval.ms', 100);

// 设置offset的存储为file
//$topicConf->set('offset.store.method', 'file');
// 设置offset的存储为broker
 $topicConf->set('offset.store.method', 'broker');
//$topicConf->set('offset.store.path', __DIR__);

//smallest:简单理解为从头开始消费,其实等价于上面的 earliest
//largest:简单理解为从最新的开始消费,其实等价于上面的 latest
//$topicConf->set('auto.offset.reset', 'smallest');

$topic = $rk->newTopic("test", $topicConf);

// 参数1消费分区0
// RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING 重头开始消费
// RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_STORED 最后一条消费的offset记录开始消费
// RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_END 最后一条消费
$topic->consumeStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_BEGINNING);
//$topic->consumeStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_END); //
//$topic->consumeStart(0, RD_KAFKA_OFFSET_STORED);

while (true) {
    //参数1表示消费分区,这里是分区0
    //参数2表示同步阻塞多久
    $message = $topic->consume(0, 12 * 1000);
    if (is_null($message)) {
        sleep(1);
        echo "No more messages\n";
        continue;
    }
    switch ($message->err) {
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR_NO_ERROR:
            var_dump($message);
            break;
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__PARTITION_EOF:
            echo "No more messages; will wait for more\n";
            break;
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__TIMED_OUT:
            echo "Timed out\n";
            break;
        default:
            throw new \Exception($message->errstr(), $message->err);
            break;
    }
}
复制代码

High LEVEL消费者

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: qkl
 * Date: 2018/8/22
 * Time: 17:58
 */
$conf = new \RdKafka\Conf();

function rebalance(\RdKafka\KafkaConsumer $kafka, $err, array $partitions = null) {
    global $offset;
    switch ($err) {
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__ASSIGN_PARTITIONS:
            echo "Assign: ";
            var_dump($partitions);
            $kafka->assign();
//            $kafka->assign([new RdKafka\TopicPartition("qkl01", 0, 0)]);
            break;

        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__REVOKE_PARTITIONS:
            echo "Revoke: ";
            var_dump($partitions);
            $kafka->assign(NULL);
            break;

        default:
            throw new \Exception($err);
    }
}

// Set a rebalance callback to log partition assignments (optional)
$conf->setRebalanceCb(function(\RdKafka\KafkaConsumer $kafka, $err, array $partitions = null) {
    rebalance($kafka, $err, $partitions);
});

// Configure the group.id. All consumer with the same group.id will consume
// different partitions.
$conf->set('group.id', 'test-110-g100');

// Initial list of Kafka brokers
$conf->set('metadata.broker.list', '192.168.216.122');

$topicConf = new \RdKafka\TopicConf();

$topicConf->set('request.required.acks', -1);
//在interval.ms的时间内自动提交确认、建议不要启动
$topicConf->set('auto.commit.enable', 0);
//$topicConf->set('auto.commit.enable', 0);
$topicConf->set('auto.commit.interval.ms', 100);

// 设置offset的存储为file
$topicConf->set('offset.store.method', 'file');
$topicConf->set('offset.store.path', __DIR__);
// 设置offset的存储为broker
// $topicConf->set('offset.store.method', 'broker');

// Set where to start consuming messages when there is no initial offset in
// offset store or the desired offset is out of range.
// 'smallest': start from the beginning
$topicConf->set('auto.offset.reset', 'smallest');

// Set the configuration to use for subscribed/assigned topics
$conf->setDefaultTopicConf($topicConf);

$consumer = new \RdKafka\KafkaConsumer($conf);

//$KafkaConsumerTopic = $consumer->newTopic('qkl01', $topicConf);

// Subscribe to topic 'test'
$consumer->subscribe(['qkl01']);

echo "Waiting for partition assignment... (make take some time when\n";
echo "quickly re-joining the group after leaving it.)\n";

while (true) {
    $message = $consumer->consume(120*1000);
    switch ($message->err) {
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR_NO_ERROR:
            var_dump($message);
//            $consumer->commit($message);
//            $KafkaConsumerTopic->offsetStore(0, 20);
            break;
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__PARTITION_EOF:
            echo "No more messages; will wait for more\n";
            break;
        case RD_KAFKA_RESP_ERR__TIMED_OUT:
            echo "Timed out\n";
            break;
        default:
            throw new \Exception($message->errstr(), $message->err);
            break;
    }
}
复制代码
消费组特别说明

特别注意,High LEVEL消费者设置的消费组,kafka服务器才会记录, Low Level消费者设置的消费组,服务器不会记录

常用脚本实践:segmentfault.com/a/119000001…

分享一个打包好的php-rdkafka的类库

github.com/qkl9527/php…

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