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leetcode 1261. Find Elements in a Contaminated Binary Tree(python)

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描述

Given a binary tree with the following rules:

  • root.val == 0
  • If treeNode.val == x and treeNode.left != null, then treeNode.left.val == 2 * x + 1
  • If treeNode.val == x and treeNode.right != null, then treeNode.right.val == 2 * x + 2

Now the binary tree is contaminated, which means all treeNode.val have been changed to -1.

Implement the FindElements class:

  • FindElements(TreeNode* root) Initializes the object with a contaminated binary tree and recovers it.
  • bool find(int target) Returns true if the target value exists in the recovered binary tree.

Example 1:

Input
["FindElements","find","find"]
[[[-1,null,-1]],[1],[2]]
Output
[null,false,true]
Explanation
FindElements findElements = new FindElements([-1,null,-1]); 
findElements.find(1); // return False 
findElements.find(2); // return True 
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Example 2:

Input
["FindElements","find","find","find"]
[[[-1,-1,-1,-1,-1]],[1],[3],[5]]
Output
[null,true,true,false]
Explanation
FindElements findElements = new FindElements([-1,-1,-1,-1,-1]);
findElements.find(1); // return True
findElements.find(3); // return True
findElements.find(5); // return False
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Example 3:

Input
["FindElements","find","find","find","find"]
[[[-1,null,-1,-1,null,-1]],[2],[3],[4],[5]]
Output
[null,true,false,false,true]
Explanation
FindElements findElements = new FindElements([-1,null,-1,-1,null,-1]);
findElements.find(2); // return True
findElements.find(3); // return False
findElements.find(4); // return False
findElements.find(5); // return True
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Note:

TreeNode.val == -1
The height of the binary tree is less than or equal to 20
The total number of nodes is between [1, 10^4]
Total calls of find() is between [1, 10^4]
0 <= target <= 10^6
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解析

根据题意,给出了一棵树,但是其中只能看到树的结构,因为树被污染所有节点的值都是 -1 ,但是节点的值可以复现恢复,那就是根节点为 0 ,左节点的值是其父节点的值的两倍加一,右节点的值是其父节点的值的两倍加二。题目要求我们使用 __init__ 函数先恢复这颗树,然后使用 find 函数判断 target 是否存在于树中。

思路比较简单,就是用递归直接将树的节点的值都计算出来存在一个列表当中,然后判断 target 是否在列表中即可。其实这道题看起来复杂,实际上蛮简单的。

解答

class TreeNode(object):
    def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
        self.val = val
        self.left = left
        self.right = right
class FindElements(object):
    def __init__(self, root):
        """
        :type root: TreeNode
        """
        self.vals = []
        def dfs(root, val):
            if not root:
                return
            self.vals.append(val)
            if root.left:
                dfs(root.left, val*2+1)
            if root.right:
                dfs(root.right, val*2+2)
        dfs(root, 0)


    def find(self, target):
        """
        :type target: int
        :rtype: bool
        """
        if target in self.vals:
            return True
        return False

        	      
		
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运行结果

Runtime: 622 ms, faster than 6.67% of Python online submissions for Find Elements in a Contaminated Binary Tree.
Memory Usage: 19.2 MB, less than 76.67% of Python online submissions for Find Elements in a Contaminated Binary Tree.
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解析

也可以使用队列来解答这个题,构建树的过程和上面过程类似,不再赘述。

解答

class TreeNode(object):
    def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
        self.val = val
        self.left = left
        self.right = right
class FindElements(object):
    def __init__(self, root):
        self.A = set()
        queue = collections.deque([[root,0]])
        while queue:
            n,x = queue.popleft()
            self.A.add(x)
            if n.left:
                queue.append( [n.left  , 2*x+1] )
            if n.right:
                queue.append( [n.right , 2*x+2] )
                
    def find(self, target):
        return target in self.A
        
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运行结果

Runtime: 143 ms, faster than 33.33% of Python online submissions for Find Elements in a Contaminated Binary Tree.
Memory Usage: 19.7 MB, less than 13.33% of Python online submissions for Find Elements in a Contaminated Binary Tree.    
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原题链接:leetcode.com/problems/fi…

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