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Android存储系统源码走读(一):StorageManagerService

前言

Android外部存储空间由 vold init 服务和 StorageManagerService 系统服务共同管理。外部实体存储卷的装载由 vold 处理:通过执行分阶段操作准备好媒体,然后再将其提供给应用。 从 Android 8.0 开始,MountService 类已更名为 StorageManagerService。 并且StorageManagerService与Vold的通信方式由socket方式变为binder方式,精简了部分代码。

涉及代码路径:

基于android11走读存储系统部分代码 frameworks/base/services/core/java/com/android/server/StorageManagerService.java frameworks/base/services/java/com/android/server/SystemServer.java

StorageManagerService

startService

StorageManagerService同其他系统服务一样,也是从SystemServer启动

    private void startOtherServices(@NonNull TimingsTraceAndSlog t) {
        ...
                if (mFactoryTestMode != FactoryTest.FACTORY_TEST_LOW_LEVEL) {
            if (!"0".equals(SystemProperties.get("system_init.startmountservice"))) {
                t.traceBegin("StartStorageManagerService");
                try {
                    /*
                     * NotificationManagerService is dependant on StorageManagerService,
                     * (for media / usb notifications) so we must start StorageManagerService first.
                     */
                    mSystemServiceManager.startService(STORAGE_MANAGER_SERVICE_CLASS);
                    storageManager = IStorageManager.Stub.asInterface(
                            ServiceManager.getService("mount"));
                } catch (Throwable e) {
                    reportWtf("starting StorageManagerService", e);
                }
                t.traceEnd();

                t.traceBegin("StartStorageStatsService");
                try {
                    mSystemServiceManager.startService(STORAGE_STATS_SERVICE_CLASS);
                } catch (Throwable e) {
                    reportWtf("starting StorageStatsService", e);
                }
                t.traceEnd();
            }
        }
        ...
    }
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NotificationManagerService依赖于StorageManagerService,所以必需先启动StroageManagerService。 private static final String STORAGE_MANAGER_SERVICE_CLASS = "com.android.server.StorageManagerService$Lifecycle";

SystemManagerService通过反射构建LifeCycle并调用onStart()方法

        @Override
        public void onStart() {
            mStorageManagerService = new StorageManagerService(getContext());
            publishBinderService("mount", mStorageManagerService);
            mStorageManagerService.start();
        }
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StorageManagerService

    public StorageManagerService(Context context) {
        sSelf = this;

        // 前面先是读取一些属性状态,其中关于FUSE下面会稍微介绍一下
        // Snapshot feature flag used for this boot
        SystemProperties.set(StorageManager.PROP_ISOLATED_STORAGE_SNAPSHOT, Boolean.toString(
                SystemProperties.getBoolean(StorageManager.PROP_ISOLATED_STORAGE, true)));

        // If there is no value in the property yet (first boot after data wipe), this value may be
        // incorrect until #updateFusePropFromSettings where we set the correct value and reboot if
        // different
        mIsFuseEnabled = SystemProperties.getBoolean(PROP_FUSE, DEFAULT_FUSE_ENABLED);
        mVoldAppDataIsolationEnabled = mIsFuseEnabled && SystemProperties.getBoolean(
                ANDROID_VOLD_APP_DATA_ISOLATION_ENABLED_PROPERTY, false);
        mContext = context;
        mResolver = mContext.getContentResolver();
        mCallbacks = new Callbacks(FgThread.get().getLooper());
        mLockPatternUtils = new LockPatternUtils(mContext);
        // 创建名为“StorageManagerService”的线程,并创建对应的Handler
        HandlerThread hthread = new HandlerThread(TAG);
        hthread.start();
        mHandler = new StorageManagerServiceHandler(hthread.getLooper());
        // mObbActionHandler对应“android.io”线程
        // Add OBB Action Handler to StorageManagerService thread.
        mObbActionHandler = new ObbActionHandler(IoThread.get().getLooper());

        mStorageSessionController = new StorageSessionController(mContext, mIsFuseEnabled);

        // 启动installd服务
        mInstaller = new Installer(mContext);
        mInstaller.onStart();

        // Initialize the last-fstrim tracking if necessary
        File dataDir = Environment.getDataDirectory();
        File systemDir = new File(dataDir, "system");
        mLastMaintenanceFile = new File(systemDir, LAST_FSTRIM_FILE);
        //判断/data/system/last-fstrim文件,不存在则创建,存在则更新最后修改时间
        if (!mLastMaintenanceFile.exists()) {
            // Not setting mLastMaintenance here means that we will force an
            // fstrim during reboot following the OTA that installs this code.
            try {
                (new FileOutputStream(mLastMaintenanceFile)).close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                Slog.e(TAG, "Unable to create fstrim record " + mLastMaintenanceFile.getPath());
            }
        } else {
            mLastMaintenance = mLastMaintenanceFile.lastModified();
        }

        // 读取data/system/storage.xml配置
        mSettingsFile = new AtomicFile(
                new File(Environment.getDataSystemDirectory(), "storage.xml"), "storage-settings");

        synchronized (mLock) {
            readSettingsLocked();
        }

        LocalServices.addService(StorageManagerInternal.class, mStorageManagerInternal);

        // 监听ACTION_USER_ADDED、ACTION_USER_REMOVED广播
        final IntentFilter userFilter = new IntentFilter();
        userFilter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_USER_ADDED);
        userFilter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_USER_REMOVED);
        mContext.registerReceiver(mUserReceiver, userFilter, null, mHandler);

        // 内部私有volume的路径为/data,该volume通过dumpsys mount是不会显示的
        synchronized (mLock) {
            addInternalVolumeLocked();
        }

        // Add ourself to the Watchdog monitors if enabled.
        if (WATCHDOG_ENABLE) {
            Watchdog.getInstance().addMonitor(this);
        }

        // 汽车应用支持
        mIsAutomotive = context.getPackageManager().hasSystemFeature(
                PackageManager.FEATURE_AUTOMOTIVE);
    }
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FUSE

FUSE(Filesystem in Userspace)

为了实现更灵活的权限管理能力,Android引入了fuse文件系统。

Filesystem in Userspace顾名思义,即在用户空间的文件系统。 为什么要强调用户空间呢?接触过Linux内核的同学大概会知道,文件系统一般是实现在内核里面的,比如,Ext4、Fat32、NTFS(Kernel原生版)等常见的文件系统,其代码都在内核中,而FUSE特殊之处就是,其文件系统的核心逻辑是在用户空间实现的。

FUSE实现原理

image.png

图中体现了FUSE的2个关键部分(绿色方框),分别是Kernel中的那个FUSE(这里简称kernel FUSE)和user space中的那个fuse_user程序。其中kernel FUSE是负责把从用户层过来的文件系统操作请求传递给fuse_user程序的,而这个fuse_user程序实现了前面所说的文件系统的核心逻辑。

onStart

    private void start() {
        connectStoraged();
        connectVold();
    }
    
    private void connectStoraged() {
        IBinder binder = ServiceManager.getService("storaged");
        if (binder != null) {
            try {
                // 设置死亡代理以重新建立连接
                binder.linkToDeath(new DeathRecipient() {
                    @Override
                    public void binderDied() {
                        Slog.w(TAG, "storaged died; reconnecting");
                        mStoraged = null;
                        connectStoraged();
                    }
                }, 0);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                binder = null;
            }
        }

        if (binder != null) {
            // 获取storaged的bp端用于通信
            mStoraged = IStoraged.Stub.asInterface(binder);
        } else {
            Slog.w(TAG, "storaged not found; trying again");
        }

        if (mStoraged == null) {
            BackgroundThread.getHandler().postDelayed(() -> {
                connectStoraged();
            }, DateUtils.SECOND_IN_MILLIS);
        } else {
            onDaemonConnected();
        }
    }

    private void connectVold() {
        IBinder binder = ServiceManager.getService("vold");
        if (binder != null) {
            try {
                // 设置死亡代理以重新建立连接
                binder.linkToDeath(new DeathRecipient() {
                    @Override
                    public void binderDied() {
                        Slog.w(TAG, "vold died; reconnecting");
                        mVold = null;
                        connectVold();
                    }
                }, 0);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                binder = null;
            }
        }

        if (binder != null) {
            // 获取Vold的bp端用于通信
            mVold = IVold.Stub.asInterface(binder);
            try {
                // 关键代码:设置Vold的Listener
                mVold.setListener(mListener);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                mVold = null;
                Slog.w(TAG, "vold listener rejected; trying again", e);
            }
        } else {
            Slog.w(TAG, "vold not found; trying again");
        }

        if (mVold == null) {
            BackgroundThread.getHandler().postDelayed(() -> {
                connectVold();
            }, DateUtils.SECOND_IN_MILLIS);
        } else {
            onDaemonConnected();
        }
    }

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connectStoraged和connectVold分别是获取Vold和Storaged服务的bp端,设置死亡代理, 为Vold设置Listener监听,然后调用onDaemonConnected

    public void onDaemonConnected() {
        mDaemonConnected = true;
        mHandler.obtainMessage(H_DAEMON_CONNECTED).sendToTarget();
    }
    
    private void handleDaemonConnected() {
        initIfBootedAndConnected();
        resetIfBootedAndConnected();

        // On an encrypted device we can't see system properties yet, so pull
        // the system locale out of the mount service.
        if ("".equals(VoldProperties.encrypt_progress().orElse(""))) {
            copyLocaleFromMountService();
        }
    }
    
        private void initIfBootedAndConnected() {
        Slog.d(TAG, "Thinking about init, mBootCompleted=" + mBootCompleted
                + ", mDaemonConnected=" + mDaemonConnected);
        if (mBootCompleted && mDaemonConnected
                && !StorageManager.isFileEncryptedNativeOnly()) {
            // 根据persist.sys.emulate_fbe确定用户目录的加锁/解锁状态
            final boolean initLocked = StorageManager.isFileEncryptedEmulatedOnly();
            Slog.d(TAG, "Setting up emulation state, initlocked=" + initLocked);
            final List<UserInfo> users = mContext.getSystemService(UserManager.class).getUsers();
            for (UserInfo user : users) {
                try {
                    if (initLocked) {
                        mVold.lockUserKey(user.id);
                    } else {
                        mVold.unlockUserKey(user.id, user.serialNumber, encodeBytes(null),
                                encodeBytes(null));
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    Slog.wtf(TAG, e);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private void resetIfBootedAndConnected() {
        Slog.d(TAG, "Thinking about reset, mBootCompleted=" + mBootCompleted
                + ", mDaemonConnected=" + mDaemonConnected);
        // systemserver启动进入bootcomplete阶段 
        if (mBootCompleted && mDaemonConnected) {
            final UserManager userManager = mContext.getSystemService(UserManager.class);
            final List<UserInfo> users = userManager.getUsers();

            if (mIsFuseEnabled) {
                mStorageSessionController.onReset(mVold, () -> {
                    mHandler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(null);
                });
            } else {
                killMediaProvider(users);
            }

            final int[] systemUnlockedUsers;
            synchronized (mLock) {
                // make copy as sorting can change order
                systemUnlockedUsers = Arrays.copyOf(mSystemUnlockedUsers,
                        mSystemUnlockedUsers.length);
                // 清空mDisk和mVolumes两个ArrayMap
                mDisks.clear();
                mVolumes.clear();
                // 将/data为路径的private volume添加到mVolumes
                addInternalVolumeLocked();
            }

            try {
                // 通过Vold的bp端调用reset()方法
                // TODO(b/135341433): Remove paranoid logging when FUSE is stable
                Slog.i(TAG, "Resetting vold...");
                mVold.reset();
                Slog.i(TAG, "Reset vold");

                // 通知Vold所有的用户和已解锁用户
                for (UserInfo user : users) {
                    mVold.onUserAdded(user.id, user.serialNumber);
                }
                for (int userId : systemUnlockedUsers) {
                    mVold.onUserStarted(userId);
                    mStoraged.onUserStarted(userId);
                }
                if (mIsAutomotive) {
                    restoreAllUnlockedUsers(userManager, users, systemUnlockedUsers);
                }
                mVold.onSecureKeyguardStateChanged(mSecureKeyguardShowing);
                mStorageManagerInternal.onReset(mVold);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Slog.wtf(TAG, e);
            }
        }
    }
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onBootPhase

        @Override();
        public void onBootPhase(int phase) {
            if (phase == SystemService.PHASE_SYSTEM_SERVICES_READY) {
                mStorageManagerService.servicesReady();
            } else if (phase == SystemService.PHASE_ACTIVITY_MANAGER_READY) {
                mStorageManagerService.systemReady();
            } else if (phase == SystemService.PHASE_BOOT_COMPLETED) {
                mStorageManagerService.bootCompleted();
            }
        }
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SystemServiceManager的startBootPhase()贯穿system_server进程的整个启动过程

image.png

1. servicesReady

    private void servicesReady() {
        mPmInternal = LocalServices.getService(PackageManagerInternal.class);

        mIPackageManager = IPackageManager.Stub.asInterface(
                ServiceManager.getService("package"));
        mIAppOpsService = IAppOpsService.Stub.asInterface(
                ServiceManager.getService(Context.APP_OPS_SERVICE));
        
        // MediaProvider
        ProviderInfo provider = getProviderInfo(MediaStore.AUTHORITY);
        if (provider != null) {
            mMediaStoreAuthorityAppId = UserHandle.getAppId(provider.applicationInfo.uid);
            sMediaStoreAuthorityProcessName = provider.applicationInfo.processName;
        }

        // DownloadsProvider
        provider = getProviderInfo(Downloads.Impl.AUTHORITY);
        if (provider != null) {
            mDownloadsAuthorityAppId = UserHandle.getAppId(provider.applicationInfo.uid);
        }

        // DocumentsUiProvider
        provider = getProviderInfo(DocumentsContract.EXTERNAL_STORAGE_PROVIDER_AUTHORITY);
        if (provider != null) {
            mExternalStorageAuthorityAppId = UserHandle.getAppId(provider.applicationInfo.uid);
        }

        if (!mIsFuseEnabled) {
            try {
                mIAppOpsService.startWatchingMode(OP_REQUEST_INSTALL_PACKAGES, null,
                        mAppOpsCallback);
                mIAppOpsService.startWatchingMode(OP_LEGACY_STORAGE, null, mAppOpsCallback);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
            }
        }
    }
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2. systemReady

    private void systemReady() {();
        LocalServices.getService(ActivityTaskManagerInternal.class)
                .registerScreenObserver(this);

        mHandler.obtainMessage(H_SYSTEM_READY).sendToTarget();
    }
    
    private void handleSystemReady() {
        //计划执行日常的fstrim操作?
        // Start scheduling nominally-daily fstrim operations
        MountServiceIdler.scheduleIdlePass(mContext);

        // 响应设置而切换zram-enable系统属性
        mContext.getContentResolver().registerContentObserver(
            Settings.Global.getUriFor(Settings.Global.ZRAM_ENABLED),
            false /*notifyForDescendants*/,
            new ContentObserver(null /* current thread */) {
                @Override
                public void onChange(boolean selfChange) {
                    refreshZramSettings();
                }
            });
        refreshZramSettings();

        // 计划zram写回,除非由persist.sys.zram_enabled禁用了zram
        String zramPropValue = SystemProperties.get(ZRAM_ENABLED_PROPERTY);
        if (!zramPropValue.equals("0")
                && mContext.getResources().getBoolean(
                    com.android.internal.R.bool.config_zramWriteback)) {
            ZramWriteback.scheduleZramWriteback(mContext);
        }
        // 响应设置切换isolated-enable 的系统属性
        mContext.getContentResolver().registerContentObserver(
            Settings.Global.getUriFor(Settings.Global.ISOLATED_STORAGE_REMOTE),
            false /*notifyForDescendants*/,
            new ContentObserver(null /* current thread */) {
                @Override
                public void onChange(boolean selfChange) {
                    refreshIsolatedStorageSettings();
                }
            });
            // 在属性更改时克隆属性
            DeviceConfig.addOnPropertiesChangedListener(DeviceConfig.NAMESPACE_STORAGE_NATIVE_BOOT,
                mContext.getMainExecutor(), (properties) -> {
                    refreshIsolatedStorageSettings();
                    refreshFuseSettings();
                });
        refreshIsolatedStorageSettings();
    }
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3. bootCompleted

    private void bootCompleted() {
        mBootCompleted = true;
        mHandler.obtainMessage(H_BOOT_COMPLETED).sendToTarget();
        updateFusePropFromSettings();
    }
    
    private void handleBootCompleted() {
        // 与onStart部分调用一致
        initIfBootedAndConnected();
        resetIfBootedAndConnected();
    }
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小结

StorageManagerService与storaged和Vold服务建立链接,并持有了storaged和Vold的BP对象以进行通信。 StorageManagerService还设置Vold设置了Listener接收Vold回调过来的各类事件。 下文我将分析Vold部分代码。

文章分类
Android
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