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CentOS7安装VMware Tools

环境

  • 系统:Windows 10
  • 虚拟机:VMware ® Workstation 15 Pro 15.5.6 build-16341506
  • Centos:7.8

检查

首先检查系统里面是否安装了 VMware Tools

  • 卸载预装的 open-vm-tools 包,检测是否预装了 open-vm-tools
yum list installed | grep open-vm-*
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  • 卸载预装的程序包
yum remove open-vm-tools
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  • 再次确认是否卸载成功
rpm -qa | grep open-vm-*
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  • 重启虚拟机
reboot
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安装

点击 VMware菜单栏【虚拟机(M)】,选择【安装VMware Tools(T)...】;如果安装了早期版本的 VMware Tools,则菜单项为【更新 VMware Tools】

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挂载目录

  • 查看 cdrom 目录,在虚拟机中,以 root 身份登录客户机操作系统,打开终端窗口并运行ls /dev命令查看是否含有 cdrom 目录

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  • 创建 /mnt/cdrom

CD-ROM 挂载到其他目录下,一般是将 /dev/cdrom 挂载到 /mnt/cdrom 目录 使用 ls /mnt 查看是否已经含有 /cdrom 目录

image-20201224112815961

从上图中可以发现 /mnt 中含有 /cdrom 目录,如果没有出现上图的 cdrom 目录,则自己手动创建一个,使用命令 mkdir /mnt/cdrommkdir -p /mnt/cdrom(带上 -p 则可以一次创建多个目录),使用命令 ls /mnt 查看目录是否创建成功

  • 挂载目录

使用命令 mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom 将光盘挂载在 /mnt/cdrom 目录,并使用命令 ls /mnt/cdrom 查看是否挂载成功

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拷贝安装包

  • 拷贝安装包到 root 目录

将后缀名为 tar.gz 的文件拷贝到 root 目录下,使用命令 cp /mnt/cdrom/ VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz ~ ,并用命令 ls ~ 查看是否复制成功

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  • 解除挂载

使用命令 umount /dev/cdrom 解除挂载

  • 解压安装包,解压完成后使用命令ls ~查看是否解压成功
[root@localhost ~]# tar -zxvf VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# ls ~
anaconda-ks.cfg  lnmp1.7  lnmp1.7.tar.gz  lnmp-install.log  VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz  vmware-tools-distrib
[root@localhost ~]#
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安装VMware Tools

  • 进入源码文件目录,使用命令 cd vmware-tools-distrib 进入到解压后的源码文件目录

  • 运行 vmware-install.pl 文件

[root@localhost ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib/
[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]# 
[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
open-vm-tools packages are available from the OS vendor and VMware recommends 
using open-vm-tools packages. See http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2073803 for more 
information.
Do you still want to proceed with this installation? [no] yes

INPUT: [yes]

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输入 yes 一路回车,然后检查是否成功

Skipping rebuilding initrd boot image for kernel as no drivers to be included 
in boot image were installed by this installer.

Generating the key and certificate files.
Successfully generated the key and certificate files.
The configuration of VMware Tools 10.3.21 build-14772444 for Linux for this 
running kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take 
effect.

To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and 
file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
2. Log out and log back into your desktop session
3. Restart your X session.

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]# ls /mnt/hgfs/
project
[root@localhost vmware-tools-distrib]# 

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搞定!

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