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iOS SwiftUI 颜色渐变填充效果的实现

这篇文章主要介绍了iOS SwiftUI 颜色渐变填充效果的实现,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,需要的朋友们可以了解一下

SwiftUI 为我们提供了各种梯度选项,所有这些选项都可以通过多种方式使用。

Gradient 渐变器

A color gradient represented as an array of color stops, each having a parametric location value.

gradient是一组颜色的合集,每个颜色都忽略位置参数

LinearGradient 线性渐变器

线性渐变器拥有沿轴进行渐变函数,我们可以自定义设置颜色空间、起点和终点。 下面我们看看LinearGradient效果 image

import SwiftUI

struct LineView: View {
     var gradient: Gradient {
           let stops: [Gradient.Stop] = [
               .init(color: .red, location: 0.5),
               .init(color: .yellow, location: 0.5)
           ]
           return Gradient(stops: stops)
       }
       
       var body: some View {
       
               ZStack {
                   LinearGradient(gradient: gradient,
                                  startPoint: .top,
                                  endPoint: .trailing)
                       .edgesIgnoringSafeArea(.all)
                   
                   Image("1")
                       .resizable()
                       .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fit)
                       .clipShape(Circle())
                       .overlay(Circle()
                           .stroke(lineWidth: 8)
                           .foregroundColor(.white))
                       .frame(width: 250)
                   
                Text("洛神赋图")
                           .padding()
                           .foregroundColor(.white)
                   .cornerRadius(8)
                           .background(LinearGradient(gradient: Gradient(colors: [.white, .black]), startPoint: .top, endPoint: .bottom))
                   .offset(y:-280)
               }

       }
}

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image

import SwiftUI

struct LineGradient3Color: View {
    
    var body: some View {
        ZStack {
            LinearGradient(gradient:
                Gradient(
                    colors: [.blue, .white, .pink]),
                           startPoint: .topLeading,
                           endPoint: .bottomTrailing)
                .edgesIgnoringSafeArea(.all)
            
            Image("2")
                .resizable()
                .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fit)
                .clipShape(Circle())
                .overlay(Circle()
                    .stroke(lineWidth: 8)
                    .foregroundColor(.white))
                .frame(width: 250)
            
            Text("清明上河图")
                .padding()
                .foregroundColor(.white)
                .cornerRadius(8)
                .background(LinearGradient(gradient: Gradient(
                    colors: [.yellow, .red]),
                                           startPoint: .topLeading,
                    endPoint: .bottomTrailing))
                .offset(y:-180)
        }
    }
}
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Radial Gradient 径向渐变

在径向渐变中,我们必须指定起始半径点,端半径点与中心点,从径向渐变开变. image

import SwiftUI

struct RadialView: View {
     var body: some View {
          ZStack {
             RadialGradient(gradient: Gradient(
                colors: [.blue, .black]),
                center: .center,
                startRadius: 2,
                endRadius: 650)
                  .edgesIgnoringSafeArea(.all)
              
              Image("3")
                  .resizable()
                  .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fit)
                  .clipShape(Circle())
                  .overlay(Circle()
                      .stroke(lineWidth: 8)
                      .foregroundColor(.white))
                  .frame(width: 250)
              
              Text("富春山居图")
                  .padding()
                  .foregroundColor(.white)
                  .cornerRadius(8)
                  .background(
                    RadialGradient(gradient: Gradient(
                      colors: [.yellow, .red]),
                                   center: .center,
                                      startRadius: 2,
                             endRadius: 60))
                  .offset(y:-180)
          }
      }
}
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Angular Gradient

在角渐变中,我们只需要通过中心点。

image

import SwiftUI

struct AngularView: View {
        var body: some View {
         ZStack {
            AngularGradient(gradient: Gradient(
                colors: [.green, .blue, .black, .green, .blue, .black, .green]),
                center: .center)
                 .edgesIgnoringSafeArea(.all)
             
             Image("4")
                 .resizable()
                 .aspectRatio(contentMode: .fit)
                 .clipShape(Circle())
                 .overlay(Circle()
                     .stroke(lineWidth: 8)
                     .foregroundColor(.white))
                 .frame(width: 250)
             
             Text("汉宫春晓图")
                 .padding()
                 .foregroundColor(.white)
                 .cornerRadius(8)
                 .background(
                   RadialGradient(gradient: Gradient(
                     colors: [.yellow, .red]),
                                  center: .center,
                                     startRadius: 2,
                            endRadius: 60))
                 .offset(y:-180)
         }
     }

}
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