Glide 源码解析 ----- android source code for Glide 4.x

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原文链接: blog.csdn.net

作为google主推的一款图片加载框架,从glide3.x 到glide4.x加入apt的注解编译;详细的使用可以详见官方文档
[Glide v4] muyangmin.github.io/glide-docs-…

  • 首先来看Glide的基本使用:

    (1)支持Memory和Disk图片缓存。
    (2)支持gif和webp格式图片。
    (3)根据Activity/Fragment生命周期自动管理请求。
    (4)使用Bitmap Pool可以使Bitmap复用。*
    (5)对于回收的Bitmap会主动调用recycle,减小系统回收压力。

       GlideApp.with(this)
            //.asBitmap()   --- 转换为bitmap
            //.asDrawable() ---- 转换为drawable
            .asGif() --- 转换为gif
            .load(url)
            .placeholder(R.mipmap.ic_launcher_round)
            .error(R.mipmap.ele)
            .fitCenter()
            //.fallback()当请求图片为null的时候
            .into(mIv);
    复制代码

    在Glide v4中通过注解会在build 下apt生成部分外部文件 来操作glide,大大提高glide的可定制性,可以去看文章开头的官网地址来看使用方式;下面的解析以v4为准

  • 1.首先来看glide的初始化:

    GlideApp.with(this)

GlideApp:
  @NonNull
  public static GlideRequests with(@NonNull FragmentActivity arg0) {
    return (GlideRequests) Glide.with(arg0);
  }

Glide:
  @NonNull
  public static RequestManager with(@NonNull FragmentActivity activity) {
    return getRetriever(activity).get(activity);
  }复制代码

这里是对Glide的初始化,以及对生命周期的管理: 核心代码:

    getRetriever(activity).get(activity);复制代码

其中 getRetriever(activity)是glide的初始化

 @NonNull
  private static RequestManagerRetriever getRetriever(@Nullable Context context) {
    // Context could be null for other reasons (ie the user passes in null), but in practice it will
    // only occur due to errors with the Fragment lifecycle.
    Preconditions.checkNotNull(
        context,
        "You cannot start a load on a not yet attached View or a Fragment where getActivity() "
            + "returns null (which usually occurs when getActivity() is called before the Fragment "
            + "is attached or after the Fragment is destroyed).");
    return Glide.get(context).getRequestManagerRetriever();
  }复制代码

这里主要来看Glide.get(context):

@NonNull
  public static Glide get(@NonNull Context context) {
    if (glide == null) {
      synchronized (Glide.class) {
        if (glide == null) {
          checkAndInitializeGlide(context);
        }
      }
    }

    return glide;
  }

 private static void checkAndInitializeGlide(@NonNull Context context) {
    // In the thread running initGlide(), one or more classes may call Glide.get(context).
    // Without this check, those calls could trigger infinite recursion.
    if (isInitializing) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("You cannot call Glide.get() in registerComponents(),"
          + " use the provided Glide instance instead");
    }
    isInitializing = true;
    initializeGlide(context);
    isInitializing = false;
  }


private static void initializeGlide(@NonNull Context context) {
    initializeGlide(context, new GlideBuilder());
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
  private static void initializeGlide(@NonNull Context context, @NonNull GlideBuilder builder) {
    ......省略部分代码

    Glide glide = builder.build(applicationContext);


    for (com.bumptech.glide.module.GlideModule module : manifestModules) {
      module.registerComponents(applicationContext, glide, glide.registry);
    }
    if (annotationGeneratedModule != null) {
      annotationGeneratedModule.registerComponents(applicationContext, glide, glide.registry);
    }
    applicationContext.registerComponentCallbacks(glide);
    Glide.glide = glide;
  }
复制代码

在initializeGlide中有一个构建中模式的glide初始化,见怪不怪这是glide的真正初始化: Glide glide = builder.build(applicationContext); 继续深入:

@NonNull
  public Glide build(@NonNull Context context) {
    if (sourceExecutor == null) {
      sourceExecutor = GlideExecutor.newSourceExecutor();
    }

    if (diskCacheExecutor == null) {
      diskCacheExecutor = GlideExecutor.newDiskCacheExecutor();
    }

    if (animationExecutor == null) {
      animationExecutor = GlideExecutor.newAnimationExecutor();
    }

    if (memorySizeCalculator == null) {
      memorySizeCalculator = new MemorySizeCalculator.Builder(context).build();
    }

    if (connectivityMonitorFactory == null) {
      connectivityMonitorFactory = new DefaultConnectivityMonitorFactory();
    }

    if (bitmapPool == null) {
      int size = memorySizeCalculator.getBitmapPoolSize();
      if (size > 0) {
        bitmapPool = new LruBitmapPool(size);
      } else {
        bitmapPool = new BitmapPoolAdapter();
      }
    }

    if (arrayPool == null) {
      arrayPool = new LruArrayPool(memorySizeCalculator.getArrayPoolSizeInBytes());
    }

    if (memoryCache == null) {
      memoryCache = new LruResourceCache(memorySizeCalculator.getMemoryCacheSize());
    }

    if (diskCacheFactory == null) {
      diskCacheFactory = new InternalCacheDiskCacheFactory(context);
    }

    if (engine == null) {
      engine =
          new Engine(
              memoryCache,
              diskCacheFactory,
              diskCacheExecutor,
              sourceExecutor,
              GlideExecutor.newUnlimitedSourceExecutor(),
              GlideExecutor.newAnimationExecutor(),
              isActiveResourceRetentionAllowed);
    }

    RequestManagerRetriever requestManagerRetriever =
        new 
(requestManagerFactory);

    return new Glide(
        context,
        engine,
        memoryCache,
        bitmapPool,
        arrayPool,
        requestManagerRetriever,
        connectivityMonitorFactory,
        logLevel,
        defaultRequestOptions.lock(),
        defaultTransitionOptions);
  }复制代码

在这里glide初始化就完全初始化完毕:
相关图片线程池—bitmapPool
图片加载器engin等的初始化 等就基本完成了
当然没有必要去细究其具体的参数,主要是理解其思想;

ok~到这里 glide的初始化完毕,下面通过glide的api

    getRetriever(activity).get(activity);复制代码

看到其中的get方法没有,这里是glide的一个亮点;通过传入activity/fragment/或者view等来控制图片加载的周期来提高其性能: 下面看具体的代码:


  @NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull Context context) {
    if (context == null) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("You cannot start a load on a null Context");
    } else if (Util.isOnMainThread() && !(context instanceof Application)) {
      if (context instanceof FragmentActivity) {
        return get((FragmentActivity) context);
      } else if (context instanceof Activity) {
        return get((Activity) context);
      } else if (context instanceof ContextWrapper) {
        return get(((ContextWrapper) context).getBaseContext());
      }
    }

    return getApplicationManager(context);
  }

  @NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull FragmentActivity activity) {
    if (Util.isOnBackgroundThread()) {
      return get(activity.getApplicationContext());
    } else {
      assertNotDestroyed(activity);
      FragmentManager fm = activity.getSupportFragmentManager();
      return supportFragmentGet(activity, fm, null /*parentHint*/);
    }
  }

  @NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull Fragment fragment) {
    Preconditions.checkNotNull(fragment.getActivity(),
          "You cannot start a load on a fragment before it is attached or after it is destroyed");
    if (Util.isOnBackgroundThread()) {
      return get(fragment.getActivity().getApplicationContext());
    } else {
      FragmentManager fm = fragment.getChildFragmentManager();
      return supportFragmentGet(fragment.getActivity(), fm, fragment);
    }
  }

  @NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull Activity activity) {
    if (Util.isOnBackgroundThread()) {
      return get(activity.getApplicationContext());
    } else {
      assertNotDestroyed(activity);
      android.app.FragmentManager fm = activity.getFragmentManager();
      return fragmentGet(activity, fm, null /*parentHint*/);
    }
  }

  @NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull View view) {
    if (Util.isOnBackgroundThread()) {
      return get(view.getContext().getApplicationContext());
    }

    Preconditions.checkNotNull(view);
    Preconditions.checkNotNull(view.getContext(),
        "Unable to obtain a request manager for a view without a Context");
    Activity activity = findActivity(view.getContext());
    // The view might be somewhere else, like a service.
    if (activity == null) {
      return get(view.getContext().getApplicationContext());
    }

    // Support Fragments.
    // Although the user might have non-support Fragments attached to FragmentActivity, searching
    // for non-support Fragments is so expensive pre O and that should be rare enough that we
    // prefer to just fall back to the Activity directly.
    if (activity instanceof FragmentActivity) {
      Fragment fragment = findSupportFragment(view, (FragmentActivity) activity);
      return fragment != null ? get(fragment) : get(activity);
    }

    // Standard Fragments.
    android.app.Fragment fragment = findFragment(view, activity);
    if (fragment == null) {
      return get(activity);
    }
    return get(fragment);
  }复制代码

可以看到glide 支持的是fragmentActivity/activity/fragment/view/context;其中view是通过判断其所依托的碎片来进行周期管理; 殊途同归,下面以activity为例来简单剖析:

@NonNull
  public RequestManager get(@NonNull FragmentActivity activity) {
    if (Util.isOnBackgroundThread()) {
      return get(activity.getApplicationContext());
    } else {
      assertNotDestroyed(activity);
      FragmentManager fm = activity.getSupportFragmentManager();
      return supportFragmentGet(activity, fm, null /*parentHint*/);
    }
  }复制代码

大致可以猜出一二,这里是依托于activity之下碎片fragment来进行周期的回调;同理fragment也是这样fragment.getChildFragmentManager();

 @NonNull
  private RequestManager supportFragmentGet(@NonNull Context context, @NonNull FragmentManager fm,
      @Nullable Fragment parentHint) {
    SupportRequestManagerFragment current = getSupportRequestManagerFragment(fm, parentHint);
    RequestManager requestManager = current.getRequestManager();
    if (requestManager == null) {
      // TODO(b/27524013): Factor out this Glide.get() call.
      Glide glide = Glide.get(context);
      requestManager =
          factory.build(
              glide, current.getGlideLifecycle(), current.getRequestManagerTreeNode(), context);
      current.setRequestManager(requestManager);
    }
    return requestManager;
  }复制代码

上面代码第一行: SupportRequestManagerFragment current = getSupportRequestManagerFragment(fm, parentHint);

 @NonNull
  SupportRequestManagerFragment getSupportRequestManagerFragment(
      @NonNull final FragmentManager fm, @Nullable Fragment parentHint) {
    SupportRequestManagerFragment current =
        (SupportRequestManagerFragment) fm.findFragmentByTag(FRAGMENT_TAG);
    if (current == null) {
      current = pendingSupportRequestManagerFragments.get(fm);
      if (current == null) {
        current = new SupportRequestManagerFragment();
        current.setParentFragmentHint(parentHint);
        pendingSupportRequestManagerFragments.put(fm, current);
        fm.beginTransaction().add(current, FRAGMENT_TAG).commitAllowingStateLoss();
        handler.obtainMessage(ID_REMOVE_SUPPORT_FRAGMENT_MANAGER, fm).sendToTarget();
      }
    }
    return current;
  }

 @Override
  public boolean handleMessage(Message message) {
    boolean handled = true;
    Object removed = null;
    Object key = null;
    switch (message.what) {
      case ID_REMOVE_FRAGMENT_MANAGER:
        android.app.FragmentManager fm = (android.app.FragmentManager) message.obj;
        key = fm;
        removed = pendingRequestManagerFragments.remove(fm);
        break;
      case ID_REMOVE_SUPPORT_FRAGMENT_MANAGER:
        FragmentManager supportFm = (FragmentManager) message.obj;
        key = supportFm;
        removed = pendingSupportRequestManagerFragments.remove(supportFm);
        break;
      default:
        handled = false;
        break;
    }
    if (handled && removed == null && Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.WARN)) {
      Log.w(TAG, "Failed to remove expected request manager fragment, manager: " + key);
    }
    return handled;
  }复制代码

在getSupportRequestManagerFragment中通过创建SupportRequestManagerFragment并且添加到activity中,同时把SupportRequestManagerFragment从缓存队列pendingSupportRequestManagerFragments中移除,进行加载;

然后继续看supportFragmentGet: 获取到SupportRequestManagerFragment,然后通过SupportRequestManagerFragment获取requestManager: RequestManager requestManager = current.getRequestManager();如果为空则通过

factory.build(
              glide, current.getGlideLifecycle(), current.getRequestManagerTreeNode(), context);复制代码

进行创建最后set到SupportRequestManagerFragment中;注意其参数.current.getGlideLifecycle()其实就是这个接口来回调SupportRequestManagerFragment的周期方法进而进行周期的控制;

  • 2.接着来看glide的相关配置:图形属性,

GlideApp.with(this) .load(url)


首先来看url的加载:

#GlideApp
  @Override
  @NonNull
  @CheckResult
  public GlideRequest<TranscodeType> load(@Nullable String arg0) {
    return (GlideRequest<TranscodeType>) super.load(arg0);
  }

#Glide  --- 多种实现类
 @NonNull
  @Override
  @CheckResult
  public RequestBuilder<TranscodeType> load(@Nullable String string) {
    return loadGeneric(string);
  }

  @NonNull
  @CheckResult
  @Override
  public RequestBuilder<TranscodeType> load(@Nullable Uri uri) {
    return loadGeneric(uri);
  }

....


@NonNull
  private RequestBuilder<TranscodeType> loadGeneric(@Nullable Object model) {
    this.model = model;
    isModelSet = true;
    return this;
  }

复制代码

由以上代码中可以看到load有很多实现类,最后都是在RequestBuilder中初始化参数model,在into的时候进行加载; 接着看Glide对图片属性的支持:

GlideApp.with(this)
//.asBitmap() — 对图片格式的编码转化
//.asDrawable()
.asGif()
.miniThumb(100)
.placeholder(R.mipmap.ic_launcher_round) — 占位图
.error(R.mipmap.ele) —- 错误之后的显示图
.fitCenter() — 图片显示样式
//.fallback()当请求图片为null的时候

一般Glide通过一系列链式来配置图片的属性,和加载的属性;当然也可以通过RequestOption来自定义(把相关配置apply进去),最后把RequestOption apply到RequstBuilder中; 举一例.asGif():

#GlideApp
 @Override
  @NonNull
  @CheckResult
  public GlideRequest<GifDrawable> asGif() {
    return (GlideRequest<GifDrawable>) super.asGif();
  }

#Glide
  private static final RequestOptions DECODE_TYPE_GIF = decodeTypeOf(GifDrawable.class).lock();

 @NonNull
  @CheckResult
  public RequestBuilder<GifDrawable> asGif() {
    return as(GifDrawable.class).apply(DECODE_TYPE_GIF);
  }

复制代码

从以上代码可以看到decodeTypeOf(GifDrawable.class).lock();转化为一个GifDrawable之后apply到RequstBuilder中,看到这里是不是感觉RequstBuilder就是一个总指挥,主导Glide的大部分行为(如下 附decodeTypeOf的源码)

  @NonNull
  @CheckResult
  public static RequestOptions decodeTypeOf(@NonNull Class<?> resourceClass) {
    return new RequestOptions().decode(resourceClass);
  }复制代码

当这里我们对RequestOptions这个原型有了一定的了解; 当然你可以参阅文章开头的Glide v4官网来看其使用,慢慢体会这个思想;


  • 3.最后看glide的加载与最终实现:
GlideApp.with(this)
.into(tartget);
同样由浅入深来看:
@NonNull
  public ViewTarget<ImageView, TranscodeType> into(@NonNull ImageView view) {
    Util.assertMainThread();
    Preconditions.checkNotNull(view);

    RequestOptions requestOptions = this.requestOptions;
    if (!requestOptions.isTransformationSet()
        && requestOptions.isTransformationAllowed()
        && view.getScaleType() != null) {
      // Clone in this method so that if we use this RequestBuilder to load into a View and then
      // into a different target, we don't retain the transformation applied based on the previous
      // View's scale type.
      switch (view.getScaleType()) {
        case CENTER_CROP:
          requestOptions = requestOptions.clone().optionalCenterCrop();
          break;
        case CENTER_INSIDE:
          requestOptions = requestOptions.clone().optionalCenterInside();
          break;
        case FIT_CENTER:
        case FIT_START:
        case FIT_END:
          requestOptions = requestOptions.clone().optionalFitCenter();
          break;
        case FIT_XY:
          requestOptions = requestOptions.clone().optionalCenterInside();
          break;
        case CENTER:
        case MATRIX:
        default:
          // Do nothing.
      }
    }
 return into(
        glideContext.buildImageViewTarget(view, transcodeClass),
        /*targetListener=*/ null,
        requestOptions);
  }复制代码

首先是对图片的现实样式进行设置,通过目标getScaleType来同步requstoption的相关设置,继续看:
glideContext.buildImageViewTarget(view, transcodeClass), null,requestOptions);
这里的三个参数分别是目标target,targetListener,requestOptions;继续看源码:

private <Y extends Target<TranscodeType>> Y into(
      @NonNull Y target,
      @Nullable RequestListener<TranscodeType> targetListener,
      @NonNull RequestOptions options) {
    Util.assertMainThread();
    Preconditions.checkNotNull(target);
    if (!isModelSet) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("You must call #load() before calling #into()");
    }

    options = options.autoClone();
    Request request = buildRequest(target, targetListener, options);

    Request previous = target.getRequest();
    if (request.isEquivalentTo(previous)
        && !isSkipMemoryCacheWithCompletePreviousRequest(options, previous)) {
      request.recycle();
      // If the request is completed, beginning again will ensure the result is re-delivered,
      // triggering RequestListeners and Targets. If the request is failed, beginning again will
      // restart the request, giving it another chance to complete. If the request is already
      // running, we can let it continue running without interruption.
      if (!Preconditions.checkNotNull(previous).isRunning()) {
        // Use the previous request rather than the new one to allow for optimizations like skipping
        // setting placeholders, tracking and un-tracking Targets, and obtaining View dimensions
        // that are done in the individual Request.
        previous.begin();
      }
      return target;
    }

    requestManager.clear(target);
    target.setRequest(request);
    requestManager.track(target, request);

    return target;
  }复制代码

其中:

 options = options.autoClone();
    Request request = buildRequest(target, targetListener, options);

    Request previous = target.getRequest();
    if (request.isEquivalentTo(previous)
        && !isSkipMemoryCacheWithCompletePreviousRequest(options, previous)) {
      request.recycle();
      // If the request is completed, beginning again will ensure the result is re-delivered,
      // triggering RequestListeners and Targets. If the request is failed, beginning again will
      // restart the request, giving it another chance to complete. If the request is already
      // running, we can let it continue running without interruption.
      if (!Preconditions.checkNotNull(previous).isRunning()) {
        // Use the previous request rather than the new one to allow for optimizations like skipping
        // setting placeholders, tracking and un-tracking Targets, and obtaining View dimensions
        // that are done in the individual Request.
        previous.begin();
      }
      return target;
    }复制代码

以上代码中通过对比当前请求和之前的请求对比来去定是否复用(在图片网络框架中很常见);继续看核心代码:

    requestManager.clear(target);
    target.setRequest(request);
    requestManager.track(target, request);复制代码

接着看 requestManager.track(target, request);其他就是清楚和设置requst的代码,一目了然:

 void track(@NonNull Target<?> target, @NonNull Request request) {
    targetTracker.track(target);
    requestTracker.runRequest(request);
  }

  public void track(@NonNull Target<?> target) {
    targets.add(target);
  }
复制代码

注意在Glide中是可以设置优先级的,在 targetTracker.track(target);中把目标图片统一通过targets来管理,而targets是Set集合是具有排序功能的; 继续看 requestTracker.runRequest(request);源码:

  public void runRequest(@NonNull Request request) {
    requests.add(request);
    if (!isPaused) {
      request.begin();
    } else {
      pendingRequests.add(request);
    }
  }复制代码

到这里可以看到当没有onPause时候requst会开始加载,onPause时候加入缓存队列等待;当然我们看到了Glide所谓的周期管理:追根溯源:

1.在glide.with中提到activity中创建了SupportRequestManagerFragment,并通过传入 current.getGlideLifecycle()来current.setRequestManager(requestManager);

2.在SupportRequestManagerFragment中通过会调lifecycle来监听其周期: eg:

  @Override
  public void onStop() {
    super.onStop();
    lifecycle.onStop();
  }复制代码

注意这里的lifecycle不是一个接口,而是一个接口的包装类,我们可以看下ActivityFragmentLifecycle lifecyle的周期控制;

  @Override
  public void addListener(@NonNull LifecycleListener listener) {
    lifecycleListeners.add(listener);

    if (isDestroyed) {
      listener.onDestroy();
    } else if (isStarted) {
      listener.onStart();
    } else {
      listener.onStop();
    }
  }

 void onStart() {
    isStarted = true;
    for (LifecycleListener lifecycleListener : Util.getSnapshot(lifecycleListeners)) {
      lifecycleListener.onStart();
    }
  }复制代码

当然在SupportRequestManagerFragment的构造中会实例化lifecycle这里不做赘述; 3.这里比较绕,我们回到request初始化的位置RequestManagerRetriever中,fragmentGet中requstManager的初始化类:

  @NonNull
  private RequestManager fragmentGet(@NonNull Context context,
      @NonNull android.app.FragmentManager fm,
      @Nullable android.app.Fragment parentHint) {
    RequestManagerFragment current = getRequestManagerFragment(fm, parentHint);
    RequestManager requestManager = current.getRequestManager();
    if (requestManager == null) {
      // TODO(b/27524013): Factor out this Glide.get() call.
      Glide glide = Glide.get(context);
      requestManager =
          factory.build(
              glide, current.getGlideLifecycle(), current.getRequestManagerTreeNode(), context);
      current.setRequestManager(requestManager);
    }
    return requestManager;
  }复制代码

继续看核心代码:

  requestManager =
          factory.build(
              glide, current.getGlideLifecycle(), current.getRequestManagerTreeNode(), context);复制代码

这里对requestManager进行实例化,然后这里的current.getGlideLifecycle()就是周期控制的lifecycle;他来自SupportRequestManagerFragment,就是SupportRequestManagerFragment初始化时候实例化的lifecycle;然后在RequstManger的构造中:lifecycle.addListener(this)对周期的回调接口进行注册;然后在周期的会调是实现方法中用targetTracker管理起来: 到这里基本清楚了,就是接口回调,那么按照源码继续看

 # requstManger
  @Override
  public void onStop() {
    pauseRequests();
    targetTracker.onStop();
  }

   public void pauseRequests() {
    Util.assertMainThread();
    requestTracker.pauseRequests();
  }

#RequstTracker
 public void pauseRequests() {
    isPaused = true;
    for (Request request : Util.getSnapshot(requests)) {
      if (request.isRunning()) {
        request.pause();
        pendingRequests.add(request);
      }
    }
  }复制代码

ok~ 到了这里就明白了

1.SupportRequestManagerFragment—->实例化ActivityFragmentLifecycle ,并在fragment周期中回调ActivityFragmentLifecycle的onstart onStop….进行glide周期控制
2.RequestManagerRetriever —–>实例化requstManager,并传入SupportRequestManagerFragment提供的ActivityFragmentLifecycle实例,然后在requstManager注册周期会调接口lifecycle.addListener(this)
3.requstManager中周期接口实现方法中匹配targetTracker;
4.到这里周期已经很好的得到控制,然后通过一系列的标志位来控制glide的加载开始 结束….etc

之前讲到

 public void runRequest(@NonNull Request request) {
    requests.add(request);
    if (!isPaused) {
      request.begin();
    } else {
      pendingRequests.add(request);
    }
  }复制代码

这里的周期判断就已经明了了,在Glide中SingleRequst比较常用,那么来看他的begin源码:

 @Override
  public void begin() {
    assertNotCallingCallbacks();
    stateVerifier.throwIfRecycled();
    startTime = LogTime.getLogTime();
    if (model == null) {
      if (Util.isValidDimensions(overrideWidth, overrideHeight)) {
        width = overrideWidth;
        height = overrideHeight;
      }
      // Only log at more verbose log levels if the user has set a fallback drawable, because
      // fallback Drawables indicate the user expects null models occasionally.
      int logLevel = getFallbackDrawable() == null ? Log.WARN : Log.DEBUG;
      onLoadFailed(new GlideException("Received null model"), logLevel);
      return;
    }

    if (status == Status.RUNNING) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Cannot restart a running request");
    }

    // If we're restarted after we're complete (usually via something like a notifyDataSetChanged
    // that starts an identical request into the same Target or View), we can simply use the
    // resource and size we retrieved the last time around and skip obtaining a new size, starting a
    // new load etc. This does mean that users who want to restart a load because they expect that
    // the view size has changed will need to explicitly clear the View or Target before starting
    // the new load.
    if (status == Status.COMPLETE) {
      onResourceReady(resource, DataSource.MEMORY_CACHE);
      return;
    }

    // Restarts for requests that are neither complete nor running can be treated as new requests
    // and can run again from the beginning.

    status = Status.WAITING_FOR_SIZE;
    if (Util.isValidDimensions(overrideWidth, overrideHeight)) {
      onSizeReady(overrideWidth, overrideHeight);
    } else {
      target.getSize(this);
    }

    if ((status == Status.RUNNING || status == Status.WAITING_FOR_SIZE)
        && canNotifyStatusChanged()) {
      target.onLoadStarted(getPlaceholderDrawable());
    }
    if (IS_VERBOSE_LOGGABLE) {
      logV("finished run method in " + LogTime.getElapsedMillis(startTime));
    }
  }
复制代码

以上代码中Glide对加载状态进行了判断,并且对其width和height进行重新处理,当然一些策略是不错的,比如:

  if (status == Status.COMPLETE) {
      onResourceReady(resource, DataSource.MEMORY_CACHE);
      return;
    }

 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  @Override
  public void onResourceReady(Resource<?> resource, DataSource dataSource) {
    stateVerifier.throwIfRecycled();
    loadStatus = null;
    if (resource == null) {
      GlideException exception = new GlideException("Expected to receive a Resource<R> with an "
          + "object of " + transcodeClass + " inside, but instead got null.");
      onLoadFailed(exception);
      return;
    }

    Object received = resource.get();
    if (received == null || !transcodeClass.isAssignableFrom(received.getClass())) {
      releaseResource(resource);
      GlideException exception = new GlideException("Expected to receive an object of "
          + transcodeClass + " but instead" + " got "
          + (received != null ? received.getClass() : "") + "{" + received + "} inside" + " "
          + "Resource{" + resource + "}."
          + (received != null ? "" : " " + "To indicate failure return a null Resource "
          + "object, rather than a Resource object containing null data."));
      onLoadFailed(exception);
      return;
    }

    if (!canSetResource()) {
      releaseResource(resource);
      // We can't put the status to complete before asking canSetResource().
      status = Status.COMPLETE;
      return;
    }

    onResourceReady((Resource<R>) resource, (R) received, dataSource);
  }复制代码

完成之后进行资源释放,并修改资源状态等 ,这里不做详尽的解释(太多);ok 继续回来看请求逻辑

  if (Util.isValidDimensions(overrideWidth, overrideHeight)) {
      onSizeReady(overrideWidth, overrideHeight);
    } else {
      target.getSize(this);
    }复制代码

glide的请求在onSizeReady中:

@Override
  public void onSizeReady(int width, int height) {
    stateVerifier.throwIfRecycled();
    if (IS_VERBOSE_LOGGABLE) {
      logV("Got onSizeReady in " + LogTime.getElapsedMillis(startTime));
    }
    if (status != Status.WAITING_FOR_SIZE) {
      return;
    }
    status = Status.RUNNING;

    float sizeMultiplier = requestOptions.getSizeMultiplier();
    this.width = maybeApplySizeMultiplier(width, sizeMultiplier);
    this.height = maybeApplySizeMultiplier(height, sizeMultiplier);

    if (IS_VERBOSE_LOGGABLE) {
      logV("finished setup for calling load in " + LogTime.getElapsedMillis(startTime));
    }
    loadStatus = engine.load(
        glideContext,
        model,
        requestOptions.getSignature(),
        this.width,
        this.height,
        requestOptions.getResourceClass(),
        transcodeClass,
        priority,
        requestOptions.getDiskCacheStrategy(),
        requestOptions.getTransformations(),
        requestOptions.isTransformationRequired(),
        requestOptions.isScaleOnlyOrNoTransform(),
        requestOptions.getOptions(),
        requestOptions.isMemoryCacheable(),
        requestOptions.getUseUnlimitedSourceGeneratorsPool(),
        requestOptions.getUseAnimationPool(),
        requestOptions.getOnlyRetrieveFromCache(),
        this);

    // This is a hack that's only useful for testing right now where loads complete synchronously
    // even though under any executor running on any thread but the main thread, the load would
    // have completed asynchronously.
    if (status != Status.RUNNING) {
      loadStatus = null;
    }
    if (IS_VERBOSE_LOGGABLE) {
      logV("finished onSizeReady in " + LogTime.getElapsedMillis(startTime));
    }
  }
复制代码

主要的加载逻辑是engine.load并且传入一堆参数,主要是各种属性的线程池,内存状态,OPtion等;那么继续看加载的实质代码:

public <R> LoadStatus load(
      .....参数省略) {

    ......

    EngineResource<?> active = loadFromActiveResources(key, isMemoryCacheable);
    if (active != null) {
      cb.onResourceReady(active, DataSource.MEMORY_CACHE);
      if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.VERBOSE)) {
        logWithTimeAndKey("Loaded resource from active resources", startTime, key);
      }
      return null;
    }

    EngineResource<?> cached = loadFromCache(key, isMemoryCacheable);
    if (cached != null) {
      cb.onResourceReady(cached, DataSource.MEMORY_CACHE);
      if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.VERBOSE)) {
        logWithTimeAndKey("Loaded resource from cache", startTime, key);
      }
      return null;
    }

    EngineJob<?> current = jobs.get(key, onlyRetrieveFromCache);
    if (current != null) {
      current.addCallback(cb);
      if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.VERBOSE)) {
        logWithTimeAndKey("Added to existing load", startTime, key);
      }
      return new LoadStatus(cb, current);
    }

    EngineJob<R> engineJob =
        engineJobFactory.build(
            key,
            isMemoryCacheable,
            useUnlimitedSourceExecutorPool,
            useAnimationPool,
            onlyRetrieveFromCache);

    DecodeJob<R> decodeJob =
        decodeJobFactory.build(
            glideContext,
            model,
            key,
            signature,
            width,
            height,
            resourceClass,
            transcodeClass,
            priority,
            diskCacheStrategy,
            transformations,
            isTransformationRequired,
            isScaleOnlyOrNoTransform,
            onlyRetrieveFromCache,
            options,
            engineJob);

    jobs.put(key, engineJob);

    engineJob.addCallback(cb);
    engineJob.start(decodeJob);

    if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.VERBOSE)) {
      logWithTimeAndKey("Started new load", startTime, key);
    }
    return new LoadStatus(cb, engineJob);
  }复制代码

OMG 代码好长;首先Glide并不会直接加载他是有两次缓存的:LruCash和ActiveCash;在Glide中当加载完毕,首先会将图片短时间从LruCash中取出来放入ActiveCash,进行临时存储;所以首先从ActiveCash中获取图片

 EngineResource<?> active = loadFromActiveResources(key, isMemoryCacheable);复制代码

接着是从LruCash中获取图片:

 EngineResource<?> cached = loadFromCache(key, isMemoryCacheable);复制代码

最后才进行加载:url:

 engineJob.addCallback(cb);
 engineJob.start(decodeJob);复制代码

注意Glide会有会调来监听加载图片的每一个阶段;比如我们在开发中会有这样的场景:

     SimpleTarget<Drawable> into = GlideApp.with(this)
                .load(url)
                .placeholder(R.mipmap.ic_launcher_round)
                //开始请求
                .into(new SimpleTarget<Drawable>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onResourceReady(@NonNull Drawable resource, @Nullable Transition<? super Drawable> transition) {
                        Log.i("glide_life", "onResourceReady");
                        mIv.setImageDrawable(resource);
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void setRequest(@Nullable Request request) {
                        super.setRequest(request);
                        Log.i("glide_life", "setRequest");

                    }

                     .....省略一些方法
                });复制代码

ok 继续回归网络加载 engineJob.start(decodeJob);

 public void start(DecodeJob<R> decodeJob) {
    this.decodeJob = decodeJob;
    GlideExecutor executor = decodeJob.willDecodeFromCache()
        ? diskCacheExecutor
        : getActiveSourceExecutor();
    executor.execute(decodeJob);
  }复制代码

由上面代码 继续看GlideExecutor下execute:

  public void execute(Runnable command) {
        if (command == null)
            throw new NullPointerException();
        int c = ctl.get();
        if (workerCountOf(c) < corePoolSize) {
            if (addWorker(command, true))
                return;
            c = ctl.get();
        }
        if (isRunning(c) && workQueue.offer(command)) {
            int recheck = ctl.get();
            if (! isRunning(recheck) && remove(command))
                reject(command);
            else if (workerCountOf(recheck) == 0)
                addWorker(null, false);
        }
        else if (!addWorker(command, false))
            reject(command);
    }复制代码

what? 为什么传的是DecodeJob回来的是Runable,而且execute明显是一些资源收尾的工作;好吧 DecodeJob 实现了Runable,并且在run方法中实现网络请求:

@Override
  public void run() {
    DataFetcher<?> localFetcher = currentFetcher;
    try {
      if (isCancelled) {
        notifyFailed();
        return;
      }
      runWrapped();
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      if (Log.isLoggable(TAG, Log.DEBUG)) {
        Log.d(TAG, "DecodeJob threw unexpectedly"
            + ", isCancelled: " + isCancelled
            + ", stage: " + stage, t);
      }
      if (stage != Stage.ENCODE) {
        throwables.add(t);
        notifyFailed();
      }
      if (!isCancelled) {
        throw t;
      }
    } finally {
      // Keeping track of the fetcher here and calling cleanup is excessively paranoid, we call
      // close in all cases anyway.
      if (localFetcher != null) {
        localFetcher.cleanup();
      }
      TraceCompat.endSection();
    }
  }复制代码

在这里同样通过状态进行请求;当上请求cancle已经cancel则 notifyFailed()(注意glide是可以取消网络加载的),否则通过请求runWrapped()来请求网络;这里使用了状态机:

 private void runWrapped() {
    switch (runReason) {
      case INITIALIZE:
        stage = getNextStage(Stage.INITIALIZE);
        currentGenerator = getNextGenerator();
        runGenerators();
        break;
      case SWITCH_TO_SOURCE_SERVICE:
        runGenerators();
        break;
      case DECODE_DATA:
        decodeFromRetrievedData();
        break;
      default:
        throw new IllegalStateException("Unrecognized run reason: " + runReason);
    }
  }复制代码
private Stage getNextStage(Stage current) {
    switch (current) {
      case INITIALIZE:
        return diskCacheStrategy.decodeCachedResource()
            ? Stage.RESOURCE_CACHE : getNextStage(Stage.RESOURCE_CACHE);
      case RESOURCE_CACHE:
        return diskCacheStrategy.decodeCachedData()
            ? Stage.DATA_CACHE : getNextStage(Stage.DATA_CACHE);
      case DATA_CACHE:
        // Skip loading from source if the user opted to only retrieve the resource from cache.
        return onlyRetrieveFromCache ? Stage.FINISHED : Stage.SOURCE;
      case SOURCE:
      case FINISHED:
        return Stage.FINISHED;
      default:
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unrecognized stage: " + current);
    }
  }复制代码

首先是获取加载状态,然后在getNextGenerator()获取图片加载器;

private DataFetcherGenerator getNextGenerator() {
    switch (stage) {
      case RESOURCE_CACHE:
        return new ResourceCacheGenerator(decodeHelper, this);
      case DATA_CACHE:
        return new DataCacheGenerator(decodeHelper, this);
      case SOURCE:
        return new SourceGenerator(decodeHelper, this);
      case FINISHED:
        return null;
      default:
        throw new IllegalStateException("Unrecognized stage: " + stage);
    }
  }

  private void runGenerators() {
    currentThread = Thread.currentThread();
    startFetchTime = LogTime.getLogTime();
    boolean isStarted = false;
    while (!isCancelled && currentGenerator != null
        && !(isStarted = currentGenerator.startNext())) {
      stage = getNextStage(stage);
      currentGenerator = getNextGenerator();

      if (stage == Stage.SOURCE) {
        reschedule();
        return;
      }
    }

    if ((stage == Stage.FINISHED || isCancelled) && !isStarted) {
      notifyFailed();
    }
  }复制代码

在Glide中有3种加载器(暂时这样定义)DataCacheGenerator,SourceGenerator,ResourceCacheGenerator
基于以上3钟然后在runGenerators()中进行真正的加载:currentGenerator.startNext()
下面以SourceGenerator为例

  @Override
  public boolean startNext() {
    if (dataToCache != null) {
      Object data = dataToCache;
      dataToCache = null;
      cacheData(data);
    }

    if (sourceCacheGenerator != null && sourceCacheGenerator.startNext()) {
      return true;
    }
    sourceCacheGenerator = null;

    loadData = null;
    boolean started = false;
    while (!started && hasNextModelLoader()) {
      loadData = helper.getLoadData().get(loadDataListIndex++);
      if (loadData != null
          && (helper.getDiskCacheStrategy().isDataCacheable(loadData.fetcher.getDataSource())
          || helper.hasLoadPath(loadData.fetcher.getDataClass()))) {
        started = true;
        loadData.fetcher.loadData(helper.getPriority(), this);
      }
    }
    return started;
  }复制代码

核心加载逻辑: loadData.fetcher.loadData(helper.getPriority(), this);

尽可能详尽的对glide 就行剖析.重点是思想.希望对大家有所助益

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