JAVA宝藏工具-hutool

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大家在系统研发过程中,总是会遇到需要自己自定义工具类的情况,做一些数据转换、字符串操作、日期处理、加解密、编解码、金额计算等等等等,每次做系统都会要把这些代码拷贝来拷贝去,费时费力还不优雅。

做java的应该有一部分知道这个工具,hutool,我可以称它为JAVA的宝藏工具了,一应俱全,一个pom引入依赖,再也不需要自己写工具类了,你的工程里甚至都不需要util这个package了。

下面我们来看看hutool都有哪些宝藏功能吧。

hutool官网地址 www.hutool.cn/

包含如下组件:

image.png

工程pom引入

<dependency>
	<groupId>cn.hutool</groupId>
	<artifactId>hutool-all</artifactId>
	<version>5.7.5</version>
</dependency>
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下面就我自己的一些实验,贴一些常用代码示例吧,后面大家自己尝试下,还是非常好用的

字符串、时间、金额转换
@Test
	public void testConvert() {
		/**
		 * 字符串编码转换
		 */
		String a = "Hello 中国";
		String hex = Convert.toHex(a, CharsetUtil.CHARSET_UTF_8);
		String raw = Convert.hexToStr(hex, CharsetUtil.CHARSET_UTF_8);
		System.out.println(raw);
		/**
		 * 时间转换,毫秒转成XX小时等
		 */
		long b = 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;
		long mins = Convert.convertTime(b, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS, TimeUnit.HOURS);
		System.out.println(mins);
		/**
		 * 金额大小写转换
		 */
		double c = 288.66;
		System.out.println(Convert.digitToChinese(c));

	}
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Hello 中国
24
贰佰捌拾捌元陆角陆分
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日期1
@Test
	public void testDateTime() throws InterruptedException {
		/**
		 * 当前时间
		 */
		Date now = DateUtil.date();
		System.out.println(now);
		String nowString = DateUtil.now();
		System.out.println(nowString);
		/**
		 * 当前日期
		 */
		String nowDate = DateUtil.today();
		System.out.println(nowDate);

		/**
		 * 字符串转日期 yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm yyyy-MM-dd
		 * HH:mm:ss.SSS
		 * 
		 * DatePattern
		 */
		String dateStr = "2021-2-12";
		System.out.println(DateUtil.parse(dateStr));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.parse(dateStr, "yyyy-MM-dd"));

		/**
		 * 获取Date对象的某个部分
		 */
		System.out.println(DateUtil.year(now));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.month(now) + 1);
		System.out.println(DateUtil.dayOfMonth(now));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.hour(now, true));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.minute(now));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.second(now));

		/**
		 * 开始和结束时间
		 */
		System.out.println(DateUtil.beginOfDay(now));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.endOfDay(now));

		/**
		 * 时间偏移
		 */
		System.out.println(DateUtil.offsetHour(now, 3));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.yesterday());

	}
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2021-10-26 14:26:12
2021-10-26 14:26:12
2021-10-26
2021-02-12 00:00:00
2021-02-12 00:00:00
2021
10
26
14
26
12
2021-10-26 00:00:00
2021-10-26 23:59:59
2021-10-26 17:26:12
2021-10-25 14:26:13

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日期2
@Test
	public void testDateTime2() throws InterruptedException {
		/**
		 * 当前时间
		 */
		Date now = DateUtil.date();
		System.out.println(now);
		String nowString = DateUtil.now();
		System.out.println(nowString);
		/**
		 * 时间差
		 */
		Date from = DateUtil.date();
		Date end = DateUtil.offsetMillisecond(from, 988989898);
		System.out.println(DateUtil.between(from, end, DateUnit.HOUR));
		System.out.println(DateUtil.between(from, end, DateUnit.DAY));
		/**
		 * 格式化时间差,默认精确到毫秒差距
		 */
		System.out.println("差:" + DateUtil.formatBetween(from, end));

		/**
		 * 计时器
		 */
		TimeInterval timer = DateUtil.timer();
		Thread.sleep(2000L);
		System.out.println(timer.interval() + " ms");
		timer.intervalRestart();
		System.out.println(timer.intervalMinute() + " min");

		/**
		 * 格式化字符串 DatePattern
		 */

		/**
		 * 农历
		 */
		ChineseDate chineseDate = new ChineseDate(DateUtil.parseDate("2020-08-28"));
		String cyclicalYmd = chineseDate.getCyclicalYMD();
		System.out.println(cyclicalYmd);

		/**
		 * 对JDK 8 LocalDateTime和LocalDate的支持
		 */
	}
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2021-10-26 14:26:47
2021-10-26 14:26:47
274
11
差:11天10小时43分9秒898毫秒

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有限状态自动机-敏感词搜索
@Test
	public void testDfa() {
		WordTree tree = new WordTree();
		tree.addWord("中国");
		tree.addWord("移动");
		tree.addWord("杭州");
		tree.addWord("移动通信");
		tree.addWord("杭州市");
		tree.addWord("中国人");

		String text = "中国移动在中国,都是中国人,移动杭研在杭州,杭州市";

		List<String> match = tree.matchAll(text, -1, false, false);
		System.out.println(match);
	}
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[中国, 移动, 中国, 中国, 移动, 杭州, 杭州]

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加解密
@Test
	public void testEncDec() {
		String cont = "Hello";
		String key = "Yw/Vz4kpJUv0+E/4/LuZEA==";
		System.out.println("aes key = " + key);
		AES aes = SecureUtil.aes(Base64.decode(key));
		byte[] encrypt = aes.encrypt(cont);
		String enc = Base64.encode(encrypt);
		System.out.println("密文:" + enc);
		byte[] decrypt = aes.decrypt(enc);
		System.out.println(new String(decrypt));

		String str = SecureUtil.md5(cont);
		System.out.println("MD5: " + str);
		System.out.println("MD5 16位: " + DigestUtil.md5Hex16(cont));
		System.out.println("SHA-256:" + DigestUtil.sha256Hex("Admin@888" + "9348ierj8truigjf03wioekrutgfhj"));

		// RSA
		RSA rsa = new RSA();
		String privateKey = rsa.getPrivateKeyBase64();
		String publicKey = rsa.getPublicKeyBase64();
		System.out.println("私钥:" + privateKey);
		System.out.println("公钥:" + publicKey);
		String rsaEnc = rsa.encryptBase64(cont, KeyType.PublicKey);
		System.out.println("加密后:" + rsaEnc);
		System.out.println("解密后:" + rsa.decryptStr(rsaEnc, KeyType.PrivateKey));
		PublicKey publicK = rsa.getPublicKey();
		String modulus = HexUtil.encodeHexStr(((RSAPublicKey) publicK).getModulus().toByteArray());
		String exponent = HexUtil.encodeHexStr(((RSAPublicKey) publicK).getPublicExponent().toByteArray());
		System.out.println(modulus);
		System.out.println(exponent);

		HMac mac = new HMac(HmacAlgorithm.HmacSHA256, "password".getBytes());

		// b977f4b13f93f549e06140971bded384
		String macHex1 = mac.digestHex("123");
		System.out.println("HAMC - " + macHex1);
		// 3DES加密
		String content = "test中文";

		byte[] desKey = SecureUtil.generateKey(SymmetricAlgorithm.DESede.getValue()).getEncoded();
		SymmetricCrypto des = new SymmetricCrypto(SymmetricAlgorithm.DESede, desKey);
		// 加密
		byte[] desEnc = des.encrypt(content);
		// 解密
		byte[] desDec = des.decrypt(desEnc);
		// 加密为16进制字符串(Hex表示)
		String encryptHex = des.encryptHex(content);
		// 解密为字符串
		//String decryptStr = des.decryptStr(encryptHex);
		System.out.println("3DES解密串:" + new String(desDec));

	}
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aes key = Yw/Vz4kpJUv0+E/4/LuZEA==
密文:xNNdbJKZ/Ml4AWWD8YwO6A==
Hello
MD5: 8b1a9953c4611296a827abf8c47804d7
MD5 16位: c4611296a827abf8
SHA-256:01a83492e88f9a138e5ca0fd3ddb29b233088c70fdf2f1f511a6683b9e725f1d
私钥: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
公钥:MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDEk5mxTabNZDVl8v7qc3DBbwnYjHOmsIrKMOjWW8rhDLOCbxgbdEr71edRqJ51IDxlxw/wWeWKv1f1fU6um78vO+YMvMch+QF7kc26Dp5Cstl7RLGTsAoilngXIoFoshblfyO5CulrwE/wieSckGmx82rOL2TCgUjoOvHE6D1t1wIDAQAB
加密后:SF+hCQbOD5feqnE+codoDaODePYJvcvklrOZztBtoE3neNtcjAaCwAF+TzvMoELI5DDmaT2jVa5HObeW7SW2fBQ1f3xN+674z1GeblYXyo0Mr3LZmpFl5d2+VtpFGkewzBS77ThtMkk34MCq3b3nlA6DG65LC67xnDHHOtVshU8=
解密后:Hello
00c49399b14da6cd643565f2feea7370c16f09d88c73a6b08aca30e8d65bcae10cb3826f181b744afbd5e751a89e75203c65c70ff059e58abf57f57d4eae9bbf2f3be60cbcc721f9017b91cdba0e9e42b2d97b44b193b00a22967817228168b216e57f23b90ae96bc04ff089e49c9069b1f36ace2f64c28148e83af1c4e83d6dd7
010001
HAMC - c58e5f636d1bfdfbd351d9469c308519fe6695f69c08d5f98198459c86f2a746
3DES解密串:test中文

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文件
@Test
	public void testFile() {
		File file = FileUtil.newFile("/apprun/test" + File.separator + "chiweitest-" + RandomUtil.randomString(10) + ".txt");
		FileUtil.touch(file);
	}
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image.png

雪花算法-ID生成
@Test
	public void testId() throws InterruptedException {
		int machine = getMachinePiece();
		int process = getProcessPiece();
		System.out.println(machine + "--" + process);
		System.out.println((machine & 31) + "--" + (process & 31));
		Snowflake sf = IdUtil.getSnowflake();
		// IdUtil.createSnowflake(machine&31, process&31);
		Map<Long, String> ids = MapUtil.newConcurrentHashMap();
		int counter = 10;
		int threadNum = 2;
		TimeInterval timer = DateUtil.timer();

		ConcurrencyTester tester = ThreadUtil.concurrencyTest(threadNum, () -> {
			// 测试的逻辑内容
			for (int i = 0; i < counter; i++) {
				ids.put(sf.nextId(), "");
				// String temp = IdUtil.randomUUID();
				// ids.add(IdUtil.randomUUID());
			}
		});

		// 获取总的执行时间,单位毫秒
		Console.log(tester.getInterval());

		// 获取总的执行时间,单位毫秒
		System.out.println(timer.interval() + " ms");
		System.out.println("SIZE:" + ids.size());
		System.out.println(ids);
		System.out.println(Long.MAX_VALUE);
	}
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738459648--18962
0--18
39
45 ms
SIZE:20
{1452885332411842562=, 1452885332411842563=, 1452885332411842560=, 1452885332411842561=, 1452885332411842566=, 1452885332411842567=, 1452885332411842564=, 1452885332411842565=, 1452885332411842570=, 1452885332411842571=, 1452885332411842568=, 1452885332411842569=, 1452885332411842574=, 1452885332411842575=, 1452885332411842572=, 1452885332411842573=, 1452885332411842578=, 1452885332411842579=, 1452885332411842576=, 1452885332411842577=}
9223372036854775807

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网络相关
@Test
	public void testNet() {
		String ip = "192.168.2.65";
		long ipLong = 2130706433L;
		String long2ip = NetUtil.longToIpv4(ipLong);
		System.out.println(long2ip);
		long ip2long = NetUtil.ipv4ToLong(ip);
		System.out.println(ip2long);
		// 端口探测
		System.out.println("端口是否连通:" + NetUtil.isUsableLocalPort(6379));
		System.out.println("端口是否有效:" + NetUtil.isValidPort(77777));
		// IP脱敏
		System.out.println(NetUtil.hideIpPart(ip));
		// 获取网卡信息
		System.out.println(NetUtil.getNetworkInterfaces());
		// eth4 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller)
		System.out.println(NetUtil.getNetworkInterface("eth4"));
		System.out.println(NetUtil.LOCAL_IP);
		System.out.println("=============================");
		System.out.println(NetUtil.getLocalHostName());

	}
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127.0.0.1
3232236097
端口是否连通:true
端口是否有效:false
192.168.2.*
[name:lo (Software Loopback Interface 1), name:net0 (WAN Miniport (SSTP)), name:net1 (WAN Miniport (L2TP)), name:net2 (WAN Miniport (PPTP)), name:ppp0 (WAN Miniport (PPPOE)), name:eth0 (WAN Miniport (IPv6)), name:eth1 (WAN Miniport (Network Monitor)), name:eth2 (WAN Miniport (IP)), name:ppp1 (RAS Async Adapter), name:net3 (WAN Miniport (IKEv2)), name:eth3 (Bluetooth 设备(个人区域网)), name:net4 (Bluetooth 设备(RFCOMM 协议 TDI)), name:eth4 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller), name:wlan0 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260), name:net5 (Bluetooth 设备(RFCOMM 协议 TDI) #2), name:eth5 (Bluetooth 设备(个人区域网) #2), name:net6 (Microsoft 6to4 Adapter), name:eth6 (SecTap Adapter), name:eth7 (Sangfor SSL VPN CS Support System VNIC), name:net7 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #7), name:eth8 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9), name:net8 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #5), name:eth9 (VirtualBox Host-Only Ethernet Adapter), name:eth10 (Gateway NC Adapter), name:net9 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter), name:net10 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #2), name:net11 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #6), name:net12 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #8), name:net13 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #3), name:net14 (Microsoft ISATAP Adapter #4), name:wlan1 (Microsoft Virtual WiFi Miniport Adapter), name:eth11 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:eth12 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth13 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth14 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:wlan2 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:wlan3 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth15 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth16 (SecTap Adapter-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:eth17 (SecTap Adapter-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth18 (SecTap Adapter-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:wlan4 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth19 (SecTap Adapter-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth20 (WAN Miniport (Network Monitor)-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth21 (WAN Miniport (Network Monitor)-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth22 (WAN Miniport (Network Monitor)-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth23 (WAN Miniport (IP)-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth24 (WAN Miniport (IP)-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth25 (WAN Miniport (IP)-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth26 (WAN Miniport (IPv6)-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth27 (WAN Miniport (IPv6)-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth28 (WAN Miniport (IPv6)-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth29 (Sangfor SSL VPN CS Support System VNIC-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:eth30 (Sangfor SSL VPN CS Support System VNIC-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth31 (Sangfor SSL VPN CS Support System VNIC-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth32 (SecTap Adapter-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth33 (Sangfor SSL VPN CS Support System VNIC-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth34 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:eth35 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth36 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:wlan5 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-Virtual WiFi Filter Driver-0000), name:eth37 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth38 (Gateway NC Adapter-VirtualBox NDIS Light-Weight Filter-0000), name:eth39 (Gateway NC Adapter-QoS Packet Scheduler-0000), name:eth40 (Gateway NC Adapter-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth41 (Gateway NC Adapter-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth42 (TAP-Windows Adapter V9-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:eth43 (Bluetooth 设备(个人区域网) #2-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000), name:eth44 (Gateway NC Adapter-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:wlan6 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-Native WiFi Filter Driver-0000), name:wlan7 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-VpnCDrv LightWeight Filter-0000), name:wlan8 (Intel(R) Dual Band Wireless-AC 7260-WFP LightWeight Filter-0000), name:ppp2 (RAS Async Adapter-Npcap Packet Driver (NPCAP)-0000)]
name:eth4 (Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller)
127.0.0.1
=============================
chiwei-PC

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URL相关
@Test
	public void testUrl() {
		System.out.println(URLUtil.toURI("http://www.baidu.com/df/sdf/df").getHost());
	}
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www.baidu.com

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其它还有很多很多,像图形验证码、图片处理、正则、身份证、脱敏、压缩、XML等,总之一旦用上了应该就爱上了,代码优雅了很多。

PS:HUTOOL里面的HTTPUTIL,大家别用,实际工作中用apache或者其它的,因为hutool里的所有工具类源码是不引入外部其它依赖的,所以它的http工具类是没有连接池的,实际生产中应用会有很大的风险,大家摒弃。

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