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饿了么的动态主题_自定义基础颜色

动态主题的设置

我们想要实现在页面中实时的切换颜色,此时页面的主题可以跟着设置的颜色进行变化

简单说明一下它的原理: element-ui 2.0 版本之后所有的样式都是基于 SCSS 编写的,所有的颜色都是基于几个基础颜色变量来设置的,所以就不难实现动态换肤了,只要找到那几个颜色变量修改它就可以了。 首先我们需要拿到通过 package.json 拿到 element-ui 的版本号,根据该版本号去请求相应的样式。拿到样式之后将样色,通过正则匹配和替换,将颜色变量替换成你需要的,之后动态添加 style 标签来覆盖原有的 css 样式。

第一步, 封装颜色选择组件 ThemePicker (github.com/PanJiaChen/…

1.复制粘贴

代码所在路径:[@/components/ThemePicker]

2.index进行全局注册为组件

全局注册路径 [@/components/index]


// 该文件负责所有的公共的组件的全局注册   Vue.use
import ThemePicker from './ThemePicker'

export default {
  install(Vue) {
    //  注册全局的通用栏组件对象
    Vue.component('ThemePicker', ThemePicker)
  }
}

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4.使用__放在你喜欢的结构里面

  <!-- 放置插件 -->
    <theme-picker class="right-menu-item" />
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5.详细代码

[@/components/ThemePicker]

<template>
  <el-color-picker
    v-model="theme"
    :predefine="['#409EFF', '#1890ff', '#304156','#212121','#11a983', '#13c2c2', '#6959CD', '#f5222d', ]"
    class="theme-picker"
    popper-class="theme-picker-dropdown"
  />

</template>

<script>
const version = require('element-ui/package.json').version // element-ui version from node_modules
const ORIGINAL_THEME = '#409EFF' // default color
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      chalk: '', // content of theme-chalk css
      theme: ''
    }
  },
  computed: {
    defaultTheme() {
      return this.$store.state.settings.theme
    }
  },
  watch: {
    defaultTheme: {
      handler: function(val, oldVal) {
        this.theme = val
      },
      immediate: true
    },
    async theme(val) {
      const oldVal = this.chalk ? this.theme : ORIGINAL_THEME
      if (typeof val !== 'string') return
      const themeCluster = this.getThemeCluster(val.replace('#', ''))
      const originalCluster = this.getThemeCluster(oldVal.replace('#', ''))
      console.log(themeCluster, originalCluster)
      const $message = this.$message({
        message: '  Compiling the theme',
        customClass: 'theme-message',
        type: 'success',
        duration: 0,
        iconClass: 'el-icon-loading'
      })
      const getHandler = (variable, id) => {
        return () => {
          const originalCluster = this.getThemeCluster(ORIGINAL_THEME.replace('#', ''))
          const newStyle = this.updateStyle(this[variable], originalCluster, themeCluster)
          let styleTag = document.getElementById(id)
          if (!styleTag) {
            styleTag = document.createElement('style')
            styleTag.setAttribute('id', id)
            document.head.appendChild(styleTag)
          }
          styleTag.innerText = newStyle
        }
      }
      if (!this.chalk) {
        const url = `https://unpkg.com/element-ui@${version}/lib/theme-chalk/index.css`
        await this.getCSSString(url, 'chalk')
      }
      const chalkHandler = getHandler('chalk', 'chalk-style')
      chalkHandler()
      const styles = [].slice.call(document.querySelectorAll('style'))
        .filter(style => {
          const text = style.innerText
          return new RegExp(oldVal, 'i').test(text) && !/Chalk Variables/.test(text)
        })
      styles.forEach(style => {
        const { innerText } = style
        if (typeof innerText !== 'string') return
        style.innerText = this.updateStyle(innerText, originalCluster, themeCluster)
      })
      this.$emit('change', val)
      $message.close()
    }
  },
  methods: {
    updateStyle(style, oldCluster, newCluster) {
      let newStyle = style
      oldCluster.forEach((color, index) => {
        newStyle = newStyle.replace(new RegExp(color, 'ig'), newCluster[index])
      })
      return newStyle
    },
    getCSSString(url, variable) {
      return new Promise(resolve => {
        const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest()
        xhr.onreadystatechange = () => {
          if (xhr.readyState === 4 && xhr.status === 200) {
            this[variable] = xhr.responseText.replace(/@font-face{[^}]+}/, '')
            resolve()
          }
        }
        xhr.open('GET', url)
        xhr.send()
      })
    },
    getThemeCluster(theme) {
      const tintColor = (color, tint) => {
        let red = parseInt(color.slice(0, 2), 16)
        let green = parseInt(color.slice(2, 4), 16)
        let blue = parseInt(color.slice(4, 6), 16)
        if (tint === 0) { // when primary color is in its rgb space
          return [red, green, blue].join(',')
        } else {
          red += Math.round(tint * (255 - red))
          green += Math.round(tint * (255 - green))
          blue += Math.round(tint * (255 - blue))
          red = red.toString(16)
          green = green.toString(16)
          blue = blue.toString(16)
          return `#${red}${green}${blue}`
        }
      }
      const shadeColor = (color, shade) => {
        let red = parseInt(color.slice(0, 2), 16)
        let green = parseInt(color.slice(2, 4), 16)
        let blue = parseInt(color.slice(4, 6), 16)
        red = Math.round((1 - shade) * red)
        green = Math.round((1 - shade) * green)
        blue = Math.round((1 - shade) * blue)
        red = red.toString(16)
        green = green.toString(16)
        blue = blue.toString(16)
        return `#${red}${green}${blue}`
      }
      const clusters = [theme]
      for (let i = 0; i <= 9; i++) {
        clusters.push(tintColor(theme, Number((i / 10).toFixed(2))))
      }
      clusters.push(shadeColor(theme, 0.1))
      return clusters
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style>
.theme-message,
.theme-picker-dropdown {
  z-index: 99999 !important;
}
.theme-picker .el-color-picker__trigger {
  height: 26px !important;
  width: 26px !important;
  padding: 2px;
}
.theme-picker-dropdown .el-color-dropdown__link-btn {
  display: none;
}
.el-color-picker {
  height: auto !important;
}
</style>

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