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手写vue-router

今天刚好有时间,最近也在观察vue3新特性,抽空玩一玩嵌套路由的vue-router,直接上代码

项目目录结构

目录结构

代码展示

  • app.vue
<template>
  <div id="app">
    <div>
      <router-link to="/">Index</router-link> |
      <router-link to="/person">Person</router-link> |
      <router-link to="/person/info">PersonInfo</router-link>
    </div>
    <!-- 一级路由 -->
    <router-view />
  </div>
</template>

<style>
#app{
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
}
</style>
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  • Index.vue
<template>
  <div class="index">
    <h1>this is index page</h1>
  </div>
</template>
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  • Person.vue
<template>
  <div class="person">
    <h1>this is person page</h1>
     <!-- 二级路由 -->
    <router-view />
  </div>
</template>
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  • PersonInfo.vue
<template>
  <div class="personInfo">
    <h2>this is personInfo page</h2>
  </div>
</template>
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js文件

  • main.js
import Vue from 'vue'
import App from './App.vue'
import router from './router'

new Vue({
  router,
  render: h => h(App)
}).$mount('#app')
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  • babel.config.js
  • 需要添加babel依赖支持新语法,如可选链
  • npm install --save-dev @babel/core @babel/cli
  • npm install --save-dev @babel/plugin-proposal-optional-chaining
module.exports = {
  presets: [
    '@babel/preset-env'
  ],
  plugins: ['@babel/plugin-proposal-optional-chaining']
}
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  • router目录下文件
  • index.js
import Vue from "vue";
import VueRouter from "./vue-router";
import Index from "../views/Index.vue";
import Person from "../views/Person.vue";
import PersonInfo from "../views/PersonInfo.vue";

Vue.use(VueRouter);

const routes = [
  {
    path: "/",
    name: "Index",
    component: Index
  },
  {
    path: "/person",
    name: "Person",
    component: Person,
    children:[
      {
        path: "/person/info",
        name: "PersonInfo",
        component: PersonInfo
      }
    ]
  }
];

const router = new VueRouter({
  routes
});

export default router;
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  • vue-router.js

这里先借助Vue的工具Vue.util.defineReactive实现数据响应式,后续再手撕这个库

import routerLink from "./router-link";
import routerView from "./router-view";

let Vue;
class VueRouter {
  constructor(options) {
    this.$options = options

    this.current = window.location.hash.slice(1) || "/"

    // 设置响应式数组数据
    Vue.util.defineReactive(this, "routerArray", [])

    // 监听hash值变化
    window.addEventListener("hashchange", this.hashChange.bind(this))

    this.getRouterArray()
  }

  hashChange() {
    this.current = window.location.hash.slice(1) || "/"
    this.routerArray = []
    this.getRouterArray()
  }

  getRouterArray(routes) {
    routes = routes || this.$options.routes
    for (const route of routes) {
      if (this.current === '/' && route.path === '/') {
        this.routerArray.push(route)
        return
      }

      if (this.current.indexOf(route.path) !== -1 && route.path !== '/') {
        this.routerArray.push(route)
        if (route.children) {
          // 递归子路由
          this.getRouterArray(route.children)
        }
        return
      }
    }
  }
}

VueRouter.install = function(_Vue) {
  Vue = _Vue

  // Vue全局混入,等new Vue中的router实例创建之后挂载到Vue上
  Vue.mixin({
    beforeCreate() {
      if (this.$options.router) {
        Vue.prototype.$router = this.$options.router
      }
    },
  });

  // 注册router-link和router-view全局组件
  Vue.component("router-link", routerLink)
  Vue.component("router-view", routerView)
}

export default VueRouter
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  • router-link.js
export default {
  props: {
    to: {
      type: String,
      required: true
    }
  },
  render(h) {
    return h(
      "a",
      {
        attrs: {
          href: "#" + this.to,
        },
      },
      this.$slots.default
    );
  }
};
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  • router-view.js
export default {
  render(h) {
    // 设置嵌套路由标识
    this.$vnode.data.rv = true

    // 嵌套路由设置深度
    let depth = 0
    let parent = this.$parent
    while (parent) {

      // 上级还有嵌套路由标识rv为true的,深度加一
      if (parent.$vnode?.data?.rv) {
        depth++
      }
      parent = parent.$parent
    }

    // 简单处理
    const route = this.$router.routerArray[depth]
    return h(route?.component);
  }
};
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  • 效果图

效果图

好了,今天就玩到这里了,下次再玩别的哈

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