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GSON抛出错误`Expected BEGIN_OBJECT but was BEGIN_ARRAY`怎么解决?| Java Debug 笔记

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提问:GSON抛出错误Expected BEGIN_OBJECT but was BEGIN_ARRAY怎么解决?

我正在尝试解析如下的JSON字符

[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]
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放入对象的集合中

List<ChannelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<ChannelSearchEnum>) new Gson().fromJson( jstring , ChannelSearchEnum.class);
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这是我使用的类

import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;

public class ChannelSearchEnum {



@SerializedName("updated_at")
private String updated_at;

@SerializedName("fetched_at")
private String fetched_at;

@SerializedName("description")
private String description;

@SerializedName("language")
private String language;

@SerializedName("title")
private String title;

@SerializedName("url")
private String url;

@SerializedName("icon_url")
private String icon_url;

@SerializedName("logo_url")
private String logo_url;

@SerializedName("id")
private String id;

@SerializedName("modified")
private String modified;

public final String get_Updated_at() {
    return this.updated_at;
}

public final String get_Fetched_at() {
    return this.fetched_at;
}

public final String get_Description() {
    return this.description;
}

public final String get_Language() {
    return this.language;
}

public final String get_Title() {
    return this.title;
}

public final String get_Url() {
    return this.url;
}

public final String get_Icon_url() {
    return this.icon_url;
}

public final String get_Logo_url() {
    return this.logo_url;
}

public final String get_Id() {
    return this.id;
}

public final String get_Modified() {
    return this.modified;
}

        }
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但是会报下面的错误

com.google.gson.JsonSyntaxException: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Expected BEGIN_OBJECT but was BEGIN_ARRAY at line 1 column 2
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我要怎样修改它呢?

回答一

问题在于你没有将GSON和你的类字段进行映射,你有一个对象的集合,你不能期待它自动的把JSON转成对象。

下面的代码可以帮助你:

ChannelSearchEnum[] enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, ChannelSearchEnum[].class);
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优化版

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<Collection<ChannelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
Collection<ChannelSearchEnum> enums = gson.fromJson(yourJson, collectionType);
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回答二

你请求的对象类型为ChannelSearchEnum,但实际拥有的对象类型为List<ChannelSearchEnum>

您可以通过以下方式实现:

Type collectionType = new TypeToken<List<ChannelSearchEnum>>(){}.getType();
List<ChannelSearchEnum> lcs = (List<ChannelSearchEnum>) new Gson()
               .fromJson( jstring , collectionType);
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回答三

另一个选择是:让你的返回值格式变成下面这样子

{"master":[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]
}
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而不是

server_JSONResponse

[
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 21:06:01",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.728840",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"JOHN",
      "url":"http://rus.JOHN.JOHN/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f4791da203d0c2d76000035",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:58.840076"
   },
   {
      "updated_at":"2012-03-02 14:07:44",
      "fetched_at":"2012-03-02 21:28:37.033108",
      "description":null,
      "language":null,
      "title":"PETER",
      "url":"http://PETER.PETER.lv/rss.php",
      "icon_url":null,
      "logo_url":null,
      "id":"4f476f61203d0c2d89000253",
      "modified":"2012-03-02 23:28:57.928001"
   }
]
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CODE

 String server_JSONResponse =.... // the string in which you are getting your JSON Response after hitting URL
String myCustom_JSONResponse="";// in which we will keep our response after adding object element to it
     MyClass apiResponse = new MyClass();

     myCustom_JSONResponse="{\"master\":"+server_JSONResponse+"}";



    apiResponse = gson.fromJson(myCustom_JSONResponse, MyClass .class);
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在此之后,你可以用它进行任何GSON解析。

文章翻译自Stack Overflow:stackoverflow.com/questions/9…

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