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XXL-JOB

分布式任务调度平台XXL-JOB

初始化数据库

执行官方提供的SQL即可

/xxl-job/doc/db/tables_xxl_job.sql
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源码编译

xuxueli/xxl-job

下载好源码后,需要对部分配置进行修改

xxl-job-admin:调度中心
xxl-job-core:公共依赖
xxl-job-executor-samples:执行器Sample示例(选择合适的版本执行器,可直接使用,也可以参考其并将现有项目改造成执行器)
    :xxl-job-executor-sample-springboot:Springboot版本,通过Springboot管理执行器,推荐这种方式;
    :xxl-job-executor-sample-frameless:无框架版本;
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因为是直接部署,所以只需要修改调度中心配置即可

### xxl-job, datasource
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/xxl_job?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&autoReconnect=true&serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai
spring.datasource.username=guest
spring.datasource.password=123456
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver

### xxl-job, email
spring.mail.host=smtp.qq.com
spring.mail.port=25
spring.mail.username=njpkhuan@foxmail.com
spring.mail.password=yltkhbpxjeacbbfj
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.auth=true
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.starttls.enable=true
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.starttls.required=true
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.socketFactory.class=javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory

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安装调度中心

file

部署项目

java -jar xxx &
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http://localhost:8080/xxl-job-admin

账号:密码 admin/123456

file

开发自己的任务

官网有详细的教程

分布式任务调度平台XXL-JOB

依赖

compile group: 'com.xuxueli', name: 'xxl-job-core'
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配置

### xxl-job admin address list, such as "http://address" or "http://address01,http://address02"
xxl.job.admin.addresses=http://127.0.0.1:18301/xxl-job-admin

### xxl-job, access token
xxl.job.accessToken=

### xxl-job executor appname
xxl.job.executor.appname=pension-job
### xxl-job executor registry-address: default use address to registry , otherwise use ip:port if address is null
xxl.job.executor.address=
### xxl-job executor server-info
xxl.job.executor.ip=
xxl.job.executor.port=9999
### xxl-job executor log-path
xxl.job.executor.logpath=/data/applogs/xxl-job/jobhandler
### xxl-job executor log-retention-days
xxl.job.executor.logretentiondays=30
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定时方法

package com.fedtech.job.provider.service.jobHandler;

import com.xxl.job.core.biz.model.ReturnT;
import com.xxl.job.core.handler.IJobHandler;
import com.xxl.job.core.handler.annotation.XxlJob;
import com.xxl.job.core.log.XxlJobLogger;
import com.xxl.job.core.util.ShardingUtil;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * XxlJob开发示例(Bean模式)
 * <p>
 * 开发步骤:
 * 1、在Spring Bean实例中,开发Job方法,方式格式要求为 "public ReturnT<String> execute(String param)"
 * 2、为Job方法添加注解 "@XxlJob(value="自定义jobhandler名称", init = "JobHandler初始化方法", destroy = "JobHandler销毁方法")",注解value值对应的是调度中心新建任务的JobHandler属性的值。
 * 3、执行日志:需要通过 "XxlJobLogger.log" 打印执行日志;
 *
 * @author xuxueli 2019-12-11 21:52:51
 */
@Component
@Slf4j
public class SampleXxlJob {


    /**
     * 1、简单任务示例(Bean模式)
     */
    @XxlJob("demoJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> demoJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {
        XxlJobLogger.log("XXL-JOB, Hello World.");

        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("beat at:" + i);
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(2);
        }
        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }


    /**
     * 2、分片广播任务
     */
    @XxlJob("shardingJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> shardingJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {

        // 分片参数
        ShardingUtil.ShardingVO shardingVO = ShardingUtil.getShardingVo();
        XxlJobLogger.log("分片参数:当前分片序号 = {}, 总分片数 = {}", shardingVO.getIndex(), shardingVO.getTotal());

        // 业务逻辑
        for (int i = 0; i < shardingVO.getTotal(); i++) {
            if (i == shardingVO.getIndex()) {
                XxlJobLogger.log("第 {} 片, 命中分片开始处理", i);
            } else {
                XxlJobLogger.log("第 {} 片, 忽略", i);
            }
        }

        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }


    /**
     * 3、命令行任务
     */
    @XxlJob("commandJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> commandJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {
        String command = param;
        int exitValue = -1;

        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            // command process
            Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
            BufferedInputStream bufferedInputStream = new BufferedInputStream(process.getInputStream());
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(bufferedInputStream));

            // command log
            String line;
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                XxlJobLogger.log(line);
            }

            // command exit
            process.waitFor();
            exitValue = process.exitValue();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            XxlJobLogger.log(e);
        } finally {
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                bufferedReader.close();
            }
        }

        if (exitValue == 0) {
            return IJobHandler.SUCCESS;
        } else {
            return new ReturnT<String>(IJobHandler.FAIL.getCode(), "command exit value(" + exitValue + ") is failed");
        }
    }


    /**
     * 4、跨平台Http任务
     * 参数示例:
     * "url: http://www.baidu.com\n" +
     * "method: get\n" +
     * "data: content\n";
     */
    @XxlJob("httpJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> httpJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {

        // param parse
        if (param == null || param.trim().length() == 0) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("param[" + param + "] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }
        String[] httpParams = param.split("\n");
        String url = null;
        String method = null;
        String data = null;
        for (String httpParam : httpParams) {
            if (httpParam.startsWith("url:")) {
                url = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("url:") + 4).trim();
            }
            if (httpParam.startsWith("method:")) {
                method = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("method:") + 7).trim().toUpperCase();
            }
            if (httpParam.startsWith("data:")) {
                data = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("data:") + 5).trim();
            }
        }

        // param valid
        if (url == null || url.trim().length() == 0) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("url[" + url + "] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }
        if (method == null || !Arrays.asList("GET", "POST").contains(method)) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("method[" + method + "] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }

        // request
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            // connection
            URL realUrl = new URL(url);
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) realUrl.openConnection();

            // connection setting
            connection.setRequestMethod(method);
            connection.setDoOutput(true);
            connection.setDoInput(true);
            connection.setUseCaches(false);
            connection.setReadTimeout(5 * 1000);
            connection.setConnectTimeout(3 * 1000);
            connection.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");
            connection.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");
            connection.setRequestProperty("Accept-Charset", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");

            // do connection
            connection.connect();

            // data
            if (data != null && data.trim().length() > 0) {
                DataOutputStream dataOutputStream = new DataOutputStream(connection.getOutputStream());
                dataOutputStream.write(data.getBytes("UTF-8"));
                dataOutputStream.flush();
                dataOutputStream.close();
            }

            // valid StatusCode
            int statusCode = connection.getResponseCode();
            if (statusCode != 200) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Http Request StatusCode(" + statusCode + ") Invalid.");
            }

            // result
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream(), "UTF-8"));
            StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
            String line;
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                result.append(line);
            }
            String responseMsg = result.toString();

            XxlJobLogger.log(responseMsg);
            return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            XxlJobLogger.log(e);
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        } finally {
            try {
                if (bufferedReader != null) {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                }
                if (connection != null) {
                    connection.disconnect();
                }
            } catch (Exception e2) {
                XxlJobLogger.log(e2);
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * 5、生命周期任务示例:任务初始化与销毁时,支持自定义相关逻辑;
     */
    @XxlJob(value = "demoJobHandler2", init = "init", destroy = "destroy")
    public ReturnT<String> demoJobHandler2(String param) throws Exception {
        XxlJobLogger.log("XXL-JOB, Hello World.");
        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }

    public void init() {
        log.info("init");
    }

    public void destroy() {
        log.info("destory");
    }


}

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新建任务

file

参数配置

file

执行

点击执行按钮

查看日志

file by 朱永胜

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