# 1.拉伸

## 1.2 如何计算纹理坐标

• 参数size原始纹理的尺寸
• 参数startY 中间区域的开始纵坐标位置 0~1
• 参数endY 中间区域的结束纵坐标位置 0~1
• 参数newHeight 新的中间区域的高度 首先计算出纹理的拉伸量`delta`
``````CGFloat delta = (newHeight - (endY -  startY)) * textureHeight;

``````// 左上角
GLKVector3 pointLT = {-textureWidth, textureHeight + delta, 0};
// 右上角
GLKVector3 pointRT = {textureWidth, textureHeight + delta, 0};
// 左下角
GLKVector3 pointLB = {-textureWidth, -textureHeight - delta, 0};
// 右下角
GLKVector3 pointRB = {textureWidth, -textureHeight - delta, 0};

// 中间矩形区域的顶点
//0.7 - 2 * 0.7 * 0.25
CGFloat tempStartYCoord = textureHeight - 2 * textureHeight * startY;
CGFloat tempEndYCoord = textureHeight - 2 * textureHeight * endY;

CGFloat startYCoord = MIN(tempStartYCoord, textureHeight);
CGFloat endYCoord = MAX(tempEndYCoord, -textureHeight);

// 中间部分左上角
GLKVector3 centerPointLT = {-textureWidth, startYCoord + delta, 0};
// 中间部分右上角
GLKVector3 centerPointRT = {textureWidth, startYCoord + delta, 0};
// 中间部分左下角
GLKVector3 centerPointLB = {-textureWidth, endYCoord - delta, 0};
// 中间部分右下角
GLKVector3 centerPointRB = {textureWidth, endYCoord - delta, 0};

//--纹理的上面两个顶点
//顶点V0的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[0].positionCoord = pointRT;
self.vertices[0].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(1, 1);

//顶点V1的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[1].positionCoord = pointLT;
self.vertices[1].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(0, 1);

//--中间区域的4个顶点
//顶点V2的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[2].positionCoord = centerPointRT;
self.vertices[2].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(1, 1 - startY);

//顶点V3的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[3].positionCoord = centerPointLT;
self.vertices[3].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(0, 1 - startY);

//顶点V4的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[4].positionCoord = centerPointRB;
self.vertices[4].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(1, 1 - endY);

//顶点V5的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[5].positionCoord = centerPointLB;
self.vertices[5].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(0, 1 - endY);

// 纹理的下面两个顶点
//顶点V6的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[6].positionCoord = pointRB;
self.vertices[6].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(1, 0);

//顶点V7的顶点坐标以及纹理坐标;
self.vertices[7].positionCoord = pointLB;
self.vertices[7].textureCoord = GLKVector2Make(0, 0);

# 2.1 计算纹理坐标

``````- (void)resetTextureWithOriginWidth:(CGFloat)originWidth
originHeight:(CGFloat)originHeight
topY:(CGFloat)topY
bottomY:(CGFloat)bottomY
newHeight:(CGFloat)newHeight {
//1.新的纹理尺寸(新纹理图片的宽高)
GLsizei newTextureWidth = originWidth;
GLsizei newTextureHeight = originHeight * (newHeight - (bottomY - topY)) + originHeight;

//2.高度变化百分比
CGFloat heightScale = newTextureHeight / originHeight;

//3.在新的纹理坐标下，重新计算topY、bottomY
CGFloat newTopY = topY / heightScale;
CGFloat newBottomY = (topY + newHeight) / heightScale;

//4.创建顶点数组与纹理数组(逻辑与calculateOriginTextureCoordWithTextureSize 中关于纹理坐标以及顶点坐标逻辑是一模一样的)
SenceVertex *tmpVertices = malloc(sizeof(SenceVertex) * kVerticesCount);
tmpVertices[0] = (SenceVertex){{-1, 1, 0}, {0, 1}};
tmpVertices[1] = (SenceVertex){{1, 1, 0}, {1, 1}};
tmpVertices[2] = (SenceVertex){{-1, -2 * newTopY + 1, 0}, {0, 1 - topY}};
tmpVertices[3] = (SenceVertex){{1, -2 * newTopY + 1, 0}, {1, 1 - topY}};
tmpVertices[4] = (SenceVertex){{-1, -2 * newBottomY + 1, 0}, {0, 1 - bottomY}};
tmpVertices[5] = (SenceVertex){{1, -2 * newBottomY + 1, 0}, {1, 1 - bottomY}};
tmpVertices[6] = (SenceVertex){{-1, -1, 0}, {0, 0}};
tmpVertices[7] = (SenceVertex){{1, -1, 0}, {1, 0}};

......
}

# 2.2 加载到帧缓存区

• target: 指定帧缓冲目标,符合常量必须是GL_FRAMEBUFFER;
• attachment: 指定附着纹理对象的附着点GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0
• textarget: 指定纹理目标, 符合常量:GL_TEXTURE_2D
• teture: 指定要附加图像的纹理对象;
• level: 指定要附加的纹理图像的mipmap级别，该级别必须为0。
``````   /*
glFramebufferTexture2D (GLenum target, GLenum attachment, GLenum textarget, GLuint texture, GLint level)
*/
glFramebufferTexture2D(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0, GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture, 0);

# 2.3 获取图片

``````- (UIImage *)imageFromTextureWithWidth:(int)width height:(int)height {

//1.绑定帧缓存区;
glBindFramebuffer(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, self.tmpFrameBuffer);

//2.将帧缓存区内的图片纹理绘制到图片上;
int size = width * height * 4;
GLubyte *buffer = malloc(size);

/*

glReadPixels (GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLenum format, GLenum type, GLvoid* pixels);
@功能: 读取像素(理解为将已经绘制好的像素,从显存中读取到内存中;)
@参数解读:
参数x,y,width,height: xy坐标以及读取的宽高;
参数format: 颜色格式; GL_RGBA;
参数type: 读取到的内容保存到内存所用的格式;GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE 会把数据保存为GLubyte类型;
参数pixels: 指针,像素数据读取后, 将会保存到该指针指向的地址内存中;

注意: pixels指针,必须保证该地址有足够的可以使用的空间, 以容纳读取的像素数据; 例如一副256 * 256的图像,如果读取RGBA 数据, 且每个数据保存在GLUbyte. 总大小就是 256 * 256 * 4 = 262144字节, 即256M;
int size = width * height * 4;
GLubyte *buffer = malloc(size);
*/
glReadPixels(0, 0, width, height, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, buffer);

//使用data和size 数组来访问buffer数据;
/*
CGDataProviderRef CGDataProviderCreateWithData(void *info, const void *data, size_t size, CGDataProviderReleaseDataCallback releaseData);
@功能: 新的数据类型, 方便访问二进制数据;
@参数:
参数info: 指向任何类型数据的指针, 或者为Null;
参数data: 数据存储的地址,buffer
参数size: buffer的数据大小;
参数releaseData: 释放的回调,默认为空;

*/
CGDataProviderRef provider = CGDataProviderCreateWithData(NULL, buffer, size, NULL);
//每个组件的位数;
int bitsPerComponent = 8;
//像素占用的比特数4 * 8 = 32;
int bitsPerPixel = 32;
//每一行的字节数
int bytesPerRow = 4 * width;
//颜色空间格式;
CGColorSpaceRef colorSpaceRef = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
//位图图形的组件信息 - 默认的
CGBitmapInfo bitmapInfo = kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault;
//颜色映射
CGColorRenderingIntent renderingIntent = kCGRenderingIntentDefault;

//3.将帧缓存区里像素点绘制到一张图片上;
/*
CGImageCreate(size_t width, size_t height,size_t bitsPerComponent, size_t bitsPerPixel, size_t bytesPerRow,CGColorSpaceRef space, CGBitmapInfo bitmapInfo, CGDataProviderRef provider,const CGFloat decode[], bool shouldInterpolate,CGColorRenderingIntent intent);
@功能:根据你提供的数据创建一张位图;
注意:size_t 定义的是一个可移植的单位,在64位机器上为8字节,在32位机器上是4字节;
参数width: 图片的宽度像素;
参数height: 图片的高度像素;
参数bitsPerComponent: 每个颜色组件所占用的位数, 比如R占用8位;
参数bitsPerPixel: 每个颜色的比特数, 如果是RGBA则是32位, 4 * 8 = 32位;
参数bytesPerRow :每一行占用的字节数;
参数space:颜色空间模式,CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB
参数bitmapInfo:kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault 位图像素布局;
参数provider: 图片数据源提供者, 在CGDataProviderCreateWithData ,将buffer 转为 provider 对象;
参数decode: 解码渲染数组, 默认NULL
参数shouldInterpolate: 是否抗锯齿;
参数intent: 图片相关参数;kCGRenderingIntentDefault

*/
CGImageRef imageRef = CGImageCreate(width, height, bitsPerComponent, bitsPerPixel, bytesPerRow, colorSpaceRef, bitmapInfo, provider, NULL, NO, renderingIntent);

//4. 此时的 imageRef 是上下颠倒的，调用 CG 的方法重新绘制一遍，刚好翻转过来
//创建一个图片context
UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(CGSizeMake(width, height));
CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
//将图片绘制上去
CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, width, height), imageRef);
//从context中获取图片
UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
//结束图片context处理
UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

//释放buffer
free(buffer);
//返回图片
return image;
}