阅读 7935

【CSS进阶】巧用伪元素before和after制作绚丽效果

原创:叫我詹躲躲
来源:掘金
链接:巧用伪元素before和after制作绚丽效果

所谓‘伪元素’,就是本身不存在的页面元素,HTML代码里并没有这样的元素,但在页面显示时,你却能看到这些本来不存在的元素发挥着作用。本文主要探究伪元素beforce和after的常用使用场景。

CSS :before 选择器

定义和说明 :before 选择器向选定的元素前插入内容。 使用content 属性来指定要插入的内容。

CSS :after 选择器

定义和说明 :after 选择器向选定的元素之后插入内容。 使用content 属性来指定要插入的内容。

这两个伪元素会在真正页面元素之前和之后插入一个额外的元素,从技术角度上讲,它们与下面的HTML标记是等效的。

1.伪类光圈

<div class="hover-circle">CSS</div>
复制代码
.hover-circle {
  width: 100%;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  height: 100%;
  font-size: 3rem;
  letter-spacing: 0.3rem;
  font-weight: bold;
  position: relative;
  cursor: pointer;
  color: #666;
}

.hover-circle::before {
  width: 8.5rem;
  height: 8.5rem;
  border: 3px solid pink;
  content: "";
  border-radius: 50%;
  position: absolute;
  opacity: 0;
}

.hover-circle::after {
  width: 7.2rem;
  height: 7.2rem;
  border: 6px solid pink;
  content: "";
  border-radius: 50%;
  position: absolute;
  opacity: 0;
}

.hover-circle:hover::before,
.hover-circle:hover::after {
  animation-duration: 0.8s;
  animation-delay: 0.2s;
  animation: circle 0.8s;
}

@keyframes circle {
  0% {
    opacity: 0;
    scale: 1;
  }

  25% {
    opacity: 0.25;
  }

  50% {
    opacity: 0.5;
    scale: 1.03;
  }

  75% {
    opacity: 0.75;
  }

  100% {
    opacity: 1;
    scale: 1.03;
  }
}
复制代码

2.伪类括号效果

<div class="hover-text">CSS</div>
复制代码
.hover-text {
  width: 100%;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  height: 100%;
  font-size: 3rem;
  letter-spacing: 0.3rem;
  font-weight: bold;
  position: relative;
  cursor: pointer;
  color: #666;
}

.hover-text::before {
  content: "[";
  position: absolute;
  left: 0.8rem;
  opacity: 0;
  color: #999;
}

.hover-text::after {
  content: "]";
  position: absolute;
  right: 0.8rem;
  opacity: 0;
  color: #999;
}

.hover-text:hover::before {
  animation-duration: 0.8s;
  animation-delay: 0.2s;
  animation: hovertext1 0.8s;
}

.hover-text:hover::after {
  animation-duration: 0.8s;
  animation-delay: 0.2s;
  animation: hovertext2 0.8s;
}

@keyframes hovertext1 {
  0% {
    opacity: 0;
    left: 0.8rem;
  }

  100% {
    opacity: 1;
    left: 0.5rem;
  }
}

@keyframes hovertext2 {
  0% {
    opacity: 0;
    right: 0.8rem;
  }

  100% {
    opacity: 1;
    right: 0.5rem;
  }
}
复制代码

3.炫酷丝带效果

双边丝带

<div class="tc">
    <div class="title1"><span>距离结束还有10天</span></div>
</div>
复制代码
.title1 {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
}

.title1 span {
  position: relative;
  z-index: 2;
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 0 15px;
  height: 32px;
  line-height: 32px;
  background-color: #dc5947;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 16px;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 6px -9px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);
}

.title1 span::before,
.title1 span::after {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: -6px;
  border-width: 3px 5px;
  border-style: solid;
  content: "";
}

.title1 span::before {
  left: 0;
  border-color: #972f22 #972f22 transparent transparent;
}

.title1 span::after {
  right: 0;
  border-color: #972f22 transparent transparent #972f22;
}

.title1::before,
.title1::after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 6px;
  content: "";
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: #dc5947;
}

.title1::before {
  left: -32px;
  border-width: 16px 26px 16px 16px;
  border-left-color: transparent;
}

.title1::after {
  right: -32px;
  border-width: 16px 16px 16px 26px;
  border-right-color: transparent;
}
复制代码

右边丝带

<span class="title2">距离结束还有10天</span>
复制代码
.title2 {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 0 15px;
  height: 32px;
  line-height: 32px;
  background-color: #dc5947;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 16px;
}

.title2::before {
  position: absolute;
  top: -4px;
  left: 0;
  border-width: 2px 4px;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: transparent #972f22 #972f22 transparent;
  content: "";
}

.title2::after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: -8px;
  border-width: 16px 8px 16px 0;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: #dc5947 transparent #dc5947 #dc5947;
  content: "";
}
复制代码

箭头丝带

<span class="title3">距离结束还有10天</span>
复制代码
.title3 {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
  margin-right: 16px;
  padding: 0 10px;
  height: 32px;
  line-height: 32px;
  background-color: #dc5947;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 16px;
}

.title3::before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: -16px;
  border-width: 16px 16px 16px 0;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: transparent #dc5947 transparent transparent;
  content: "";
}

.title3::after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: -16px;
  border-width: 16px 16px 16px 0;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: #dc5947 transparent #dc5947 #dc5947;
  content: "";
}
复制代码

多个箭头丝带

<div class="mt30 pl16">
    <span class="title3">距离结束还有10天</span>
    <span class="title3 ml5">距离结束还有10天</span>
    <span class="title3 ml5">距离结束还有10天</span>
</div>
复制代码
.title4 {
  width: 200px;
  height: 140px;
  position: absolute;
  top: -8px;
  left: -8px;
  overflow: hidden;
}

.title4::before {
  position: absolute;
  left: 124px;
  border-radius: 8px 8px 0 0;
  width: 16px;
  height: 8px;
  background-color: #972f22;
  content: "";
}

.title4::after {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  top: 124px;
  border-radius: 0 8px 8px 0;
  width: 8px;
  height: 16px;
  background-color: #972f22;
  content: "";
}

.title4 span {
  display: inline-block;
  text-align: center;
  width: 200px;
  height: 40px;
  line-height: 40px;
  position: absolute;
  top: 30px;
  left: -50px;
  z-index: 2;
  overflow: hidden;
  -ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  transform: rotate(-45deg);
  border: 1px dashed #fff;
  box-shadow: 0 0 0 3px #dc5947, 0 14px 7px -9px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);
  background-color: #dc5947;
  color: #fff;
}
复制代码

悬挂标签

<div class="pr mt30" style="background-color: #eee; height: 200px;">
    <div class="title4"><span>企业热门动态</span></div>
    <div class="title5"><span>企业热门动态</span></div>
</div>
复制代码
.title5 {
  width: 140px;
  height: 200px;
  position: absolute;
  top: -8px;
  right: -8px;
  overflow: hidden;
}

.title5::before {
  position: absolute;
  right: 124px;
  border-radius: 8px 8px 0 0;
  width: 16px;
  height: 8px;
  background-color: #972f22;
  content: "";
}

.title5::after {
  position: absolute;
  right: 0;
  top: 124px;
  border-radius: 0 8px 8px 0;
  width: 8px;
  height: 16px;
  background-color: #972f22;
  content: "";
}

.title5 span {
  display: inline-block;
  text-align: center;
  width: 200px;
  height: 40px;
  line-height: 40px;
  position: absolute;
  top: 30px;
  right: -50px;
  z-index: 2;
  overflow: hidden;
  -ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(45deg);
  transform: rotate(45deg);
  border: 1px dashed #fff;
  box-shadow: 0 0 0 3px #dc5947, 0 14px 7px -9px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);
  background-color: #dc5947;
  color: #fff;
}
复制代码

4.几何图形

三角形

  <div class="triangle"></div>
复制代码
.triangle {
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  margin: 50px auto;
  border-bottom: 100px solid #dc5947;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  cursor: pointer;
  transform: scale(1.2);
  transition: 0.5s;
}
复制代码

五角星

<div class="pentagram"></div>
复制代码
.pentagram {
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  margin: 100px auto;
  position: relative;
  border-bottom: 70px solid #dc5947;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(35deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(35deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(35deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(35deg);
  transform: rotate(35deg);
  -webkit-transform: scale(1), rotate(35deg);
  -moz-transform: scale(1), rotate(35deg);
  -ms-transform: scale(1), rotate(35deg);
  -o-transform: scale(1), rotate(35deg);
  transform: scale(1), rotate(35deg);
}

.pentagram::after {
  content: "";
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-bottom: 70px solid #dc5947;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-70deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-70deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(-70deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-70deg);
  transform: rotate(-70deg);
  position: absolute;
  top: 0px;
  left: -100px;
}

.pentagram::before {
  content: "";
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-bottom: 80px solid #dc5947;
  border-left: 30px solid transparent;
  border-right: 30px solid transparent;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-35deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-35deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(-35deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-35deg);
  transform: rotate(-35deg);
  position: absolute;
  top: -45px;
  left: -60px;
}
复制代码

5.水滴

<div class="drop"></div>
复制代码
.drop::after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  width: 30px;
  height: 20px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  background-color: #ace3ff;
  margin: 100px auto;
  top: -50px;
  left: 25px;
  box-shadow: 5px 12px 4px #ace3ff, -5px 11px 4px #ace3ff, 0px 14px 4px #4d576e;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(35deg);
}

.drop::before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  width: 0px;
  height: 0px;
  border-style: solid;
  border-width: 0 40px 50px 40px;
  border-color: transparent transparent #ace3ff transparent;
  top: -30px;
  left: 10px;
}

.drop {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  background-color: #ace3ff;
  position: relative;
  margin: 100px auto;
  box-shadow: 0px 6px 0 #3f475a;
}
复制代码

6 绚丽流动边框

<div class="box-line1"></div>
复制代码
.box-line2,
.box-line2::before,
.box-line2::after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
}

.box-line2 {
  width: 200px;
  height: 200px;
  margin: auto;
  color: #69ca62;
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 1px rgba(105, 202, 98, 0.5);
}

.box-line2::before,
.box-line2::after {
  content: "";
  z-index: 99;
  margin: -5%;
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px;
  animation: clipMe 8s linear infinite;
}

.box-line2::before {
  animation-delay: -4s;
}

.box-line2:hover::after,
.box-line2:hover::before {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.3);
}

@keyframes clipMe {

  0%,
  100% {
    clip: rect(0px, 220px, 2px, 0px);
  }

  25% {
    clip: rect(0px, 2px, 220px, 0px);
  }

  50% {
    clip: rect(218px, 220px, 220px, 0px);
  }

  75% {
    clip: rect(0px, 220px, 220px, 218px);
  }
}

@keyframes surround {

  0%,
  100% {
    clip: rect(0px, 220px, 2px, 0px);
  }

  25% {
    clip: rect(0px, 2px, 220px, 0px);
  }

  50% {
    clip: rect(218px, 220px, 220px, 0px);
  }

  75% {
    clip: rect(0px, 220px, 220px, 218px);
  }
}

.box-line1:before,
.box-line1:after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  right: 0;
  content: "";
  z-index: 99;
  margin: -5%;
  animation: surround linear infinite 8s;
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #69ca62;
}

.box-line1:before {
  animation-delay: -4s;
}

.box-line1 {
  border: 1px solid #69ca62;
  position: absolute;
  left: 500px;
  top: 200px;
  margin: auto;
  width: 200px;
  height: 200px;
  margin: auto;
}
复制代码

7.Tooltip提示

<div class="tip" data-tip="CSS伪类">CSS伪类</div>
复制代码
.tip::after {
  content: attr(data-tip);
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
  padding: 5px 10px;
  left: 15%;
  bottom: 100%;
  width: 150px;
  margin-bottom: 12px;
  transform: translateX(-50%);
  font-size: 12px;
  background: #000;
  color: #fff;
  cursor: default;
  border-radius: 4px;
}

.tip::before {
  content: " ";
  position: absolute;
  display: none;
  left: 15%;
  bottom: 100%;
  transform: translateX(-50%);
  margin-bottom: 3px;
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-left: 6px solid transparent;
  border-right: 6px solid transparent;
  border-top: 9px solid #000;
}

.tip:hover::after,
.tip:hover::before {
  display: block;
}
复制代码

8.CSS 伪类盒子阴影

使用伪元素:before and :after制作出了完美惊艳的相片阴影效果。其中的技巧是使用绝对定位固定伪元素,然后给它们的z-index一个负值,以背景出现。

<div class="box effect2">
 <h3>CSS 伪类盒子阴影</h3>
</div>
复制代码
.effect2 {
    position: relative;
}

.effect2::before, .effect2::after {
    z-index: -1;
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    bottom: 15px;
    left: 10px;
    width: 50%;
    top: 80%;
    max-width: 300px;
    background: #777;
    -webkit-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
    -moz-box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
    box-shadow: 0 15px 10px #777;
    -webkit-transform: rotate(-3deg);
    -moz-transform: rotate(-3deg);
    -o-transform: rotate(-3deg);
    -ms-transform: rotate(-3deg);
    transform: rotate(-3deg);
}
.effect2::after {
    -webkit-transform: rotate(3deg);
    -moz-transform: rotate(3deg);
    -o-transform: rotate(3deg);
    -ms-transform: rotate(3deg);
    transform: rotate(3deg);
    right: 10px;
    left: auto;
}
复制代码
CSS Box 阴影效果
CSS Box 阴影效果

9.Tabs当前激活状态

    <div class="sm-box flex">
        <div class="menu-tabs active">首页</div>
        <div class="menu-tabs">新闻</div>
        <div class="menu-tabs">视频</div>
        <div class="menu-tabs">图片</div>
    </div>
复制代码
.menu-tabs {
  display: block;
  padding: 0.25rem 1.5rem;
  clear: both;
  font-weight: 400;
  color: #212529;
  text-align: inherit;
  white-space: nowrap;
  background-color: transparent;
  width: 50px;
  border: 0;
  height: 35px;
  justify-content: center;
  display: flex;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.menu-tabs:hover {
  color: #20a884;
  position: relative;
}

.menu-tabs:hover:after {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  border: 1px solid #20a884;
  width: 3rem;
  left: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  margin-left: 50%;
  transform: translateX(-50%);
}

.active {
  position: relative;
  color: #20a884;
}

.flex {
  display: flex;
}

.active::after {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  border: 1px solid #20a884;
  width: 3rem;
  left: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  margin-left: 50%;
  transform: translateX(-50%);
}
复制代码

10.伪元素模糊背景

<div class="container">
   <div class="overlay">
      <h1>A blurred overlay</h1>
     <p>... mask or whatever
     <br>that is responsive and could be cross-browser compatible back to IE9</p>
   </div>
</div>
复制代码
.container {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
}

.container,
.overlay:before {
  background: url(https://wow.techbrood.com/assets/landing.jpg) no-repeat fixed 0 0 / cover;
}

.container {
  -webkit-box-align: center;
  -webkit-align-items: center;
  -ms-flex-align: center;
  align-items: center;
  display: -webkit-box;
  display: -webkit-flex;
  display: -ms-flexbox;
  display: flex;
  -webkit-box-pack: center;
  -webkit-justify-content: center;
  -ms-flex-pack: center;
  justify-content: center;
}

.overlay {
  max-height: 200px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  max-width: 768px;
  padding: 50px;
  position: relative;
  color: white;
  font-family: "Lato";
  position: relative;
  text-align: center;
  z-index: 0;
}

.overlay:before {
  content: "";
  -webkit-filter: blur(100px);
  filter: blur(100px);
  height: 100%;
  left: 0;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: -1;
}
复制代码

11.蓝湖文字

<span class="lanhu_text">
  本站由叫我詹躲躲提供技术支持
</span>
复制代码
.lanhu_text {
  position: relative;
  color: #2878ff;
}

.lanhu_text::before {
  content: "";
  width: 80px;
  height: 20px;
  position: absolute;
  left: -86px;
  top: 0;
  background: url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAFAAAAABCAYAAABJwyn/AAAAjElEQVQoU22NSw7CQAxDX8ahICF2HIDTcf9d1c8kaDpthQSL6CmxHRuk8cZfMxqf6DGh+Y5uCxquaB7xdUCXilZHWvBorEiOaqAKrkRRUEmUOw283TKRRb9b4GnIEpWmGYrA237kDh1w6J5N7zzzZv13gtuvT7t++jefUTYmwvpk7v3fPaCzn//9LfsBvRpHnliu+xMAAAAASUVORK5CYII=) 0 no-repeat;
}

.lanhu_text::after {
  content: "";
  width: 80px;
  height: 20px;
  position: absolute;
  right: -86px;
  top: 0;
  background: url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAFAAAAABCAYAAABJwyn/AAAAhElEQVQoU22OSw7CQAxDXzJDWbHiEFyRJQflFggJSjyDph9oC6snx45lO52rrKJqzIyNlkFUPv6vnv+3uW9vrPpBq77/uWFPAXnrnfYVQ16JiWq0stjvxKB9vDc/MeaXWo5cqDEFUkKpEuEoB3ollHvUZ9QV4rFD3R3d9ujwJK5HxAW9AStemAIOwCNlAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC) 100% no-repeat;
}
复制代码

12 主要标题

<div class="first-title">服务项目</div>
复制代码
.first-title {
  position: relative;
  color: #a98661;
  font-weight: 400;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}

.first-title::before,
.first-title::after {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  width: 110px;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #a98661;
  top: 50%;
  transform: translateY(-50%);
}

.first-title::before {
  left: 100px;
}

.first-title::after {
  right: 100px;
}
复制代码

13.鼠标浮层遮罩浮层

<div class="black-mask"></div>
复制代码
.black-mask {
  position: relative;
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.black-mask:hover {
  transition-duration: 1s;
  scale: 1.02;
}

.black-mask:hover:before {
  object-fit: cover;
}

.black-mask:hover:after {
  height: 100%;
  opacity: 1;
  transition-duration: 1s;
  display: flex;
  align-items: flex-end;
  padding: 0 30px 15px;
}

.black-mask::before {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  background: url(https://dcdn.it120.cc/2019/11/14/f17c5848-6d1f-4254-b3ba-64d3969d16b6.jpg) no-repeat;
  background-size: 100% 100%;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}

.black-mask::after {
  position: absolute;
  content: "雾在微风的吹动下滚来滚去,像冰峰雪山,似蓬莱仙境,如海市蜃楼,使人觉得飘然欲仙。山河景色在雾的装点下,变得更加美丽。远处的七连山巍峨挺拔,它们仿佛成了神仙住的宝山,令人神往。近处池塘边时时飘来雾气,在初升阳光的照耀下,呈现出赤、橙、黄、绿、青、蓝、紫七种色彩。......";
  width: 90%;
  height: 0%;
  bottom: 0;
  right: 0;
  z-index: 32;
  background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  opacity: 1;
  color: #fff;
  opacity: 0;
  padding: 0 30px 0;
}
复制代码

14.绚丽光圈

<div class="aperture">光圈</div>
复制代码
.aperture {
  width: 136px;
  height: 136px;
  background-color: #dc5947;
  border-radius: 50%;
  line-height: 136px;
  text-align: center;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 24px;
  cursor: pointer;
  position: relative;
}

.aperture::before {
  border: 3px dashed #a0ff80;
  content: "";
  width: 144px;
  height: 144px;
  position: absolute;
  border-radius: 50%;
  left: -8px;
  top: -6px;
  animation: clockwise 5s linear infinite;
}

@keyframes clockwise {
  100% {
    transform: rotate(360deg);
  }
}
复制代码

15.彩色流动边框

<div class="rainbow"></div>
复制代码
.rainbow {
  position: relative;
  z-index: 0;
  width: 400px;
  height: 300px;
  border-radius: 10px;
  overflow: hidden;
  padding: 2rem;
}

.rainbow::before {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  z-index: -2;
  left: -50%;
  top: -50%;
  width: 200%;
  height: 200%;
  background-color: #399953;
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-size: 50% 50%, 50% 50%;
  background-position: 0 0, 100% 0, 100% 100%, 0 100%;
  background-image: linear-gradient(#399953, #399953), linear-gradient(#fbb300, #fbb300), linear-gradient(#d53e33, #d53e33), linear-gradient(#377af5, #377af5);
  -webkit-animation: rotate 4s linear infinite;
  animation: rotate 4s linear infinite;
}

.rainbow::after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  z-index: -1;
  left: 6px;
  top: 6px;
  width: calc(100% - 12px);
  height: calc(100% - 12px);
  background: white;
  border-radius: 5px;
}

@keyframes rotate {
  100% {
    -webkit-transform: rotate(1turn);
    transform: rotate(1turn);
  }
}
复制代码

16.炫酷伪类边框

<div class="corner-button">CSS3</div>
复制代码
.corner-button::before, .corner-button::after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  background: #2f2f2f;
  z-index: 1;
  transition: all 0.3s;
}
.corner-button::before {
  width: calc(100% - 3rem);
  height: calc(101% + 1rem);
  top: -0.5rem;
  left: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translateX(-50%);
  transform: translateX(-50%);
}
.corner-button::after {
  height: calc(100% - 3rem);
  width: calc(101% + 1rem);
  left: -0.5rem;
  top: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translateY(-50%);
  transform: translateY(-50%);
}


.corner-button:hover {
  color: pink;
}
.corner-button {
  font-family: 'Lato', sans-serif;
  letter-spacing: .02rem;
  cursor: pointer;
  background: transparent;
  border: 0.5rem solid currentColor;
  padding: 1.5rem 2rem;
  font-size: 2.2rem;
  color: #06c17f;
  position: relative;
  transition: color 0.3s;
  text-align: center;
  margin: 5rem 12rem;
}
.corner-button:hover::after {
  height: 0;
}

.corner-button:hover::before {
  width: 0;
}
.bg-f2{
  background: #2f2f2f;
}
复制代码

17.伪类美化文字

<div class="beautify-font" data-text='躲躲'>躲躲</div>
<div class="beautify-font2" data-text='躲躲'>躲躲</div>
复制代码
.beautify-font{
  position: relative;
  font-size: 12rem;
  color: #0099CC
}
.beautify-font::before{
  position: absolute;
  font-size: 12rem;
  color: #333;
  content: attr(data-text);
  white-space:nowrap;
  width: 50%;
  display: inline-block;
  overflow: hidden;
  transition:1s ease-in-out 0s;
}
.beautify-font2{
  position: relative;
  font-size: 6rem;
  color: #0099CC
}
.beautify-font2::before{
  position: absolute;
  font-size: 6rem;
  color: #333;
  content: attr(data-text);
  white-space:nowrap;
  height: 50%;
  display: inline-block;
  overflow: hidden;
  transition:1s ease-in-out 0s;
}

.beautify-font:hover::before{
  width:0;
}
.beautify-font2:hover::before{
  height: 0;
}
复制代码

18.照片堆叠效果

只使用一张图片来创造出一堆图片叠摞在一起的效果,能做到吗?当然,关键是要使用伪元素:before和:after来帮助呈现。把这些伪元素的z-index设置成负值,让它们以背景方式起作用。

<div class="stackthree"><img src="./images/city.jpg"></div>
复制代码
.stackthree::before {
  background: #eff4de;
}

.stackthree, .stackthree::before, .stackthree::after {
  border: 6px solid #fff;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
  -webkit-box-shadow: 2px 2px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
  -moz-box-shadow: 2px 2px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
  box-shadow: 2px 2px 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
}

.stackthree::before {
  top: 5px;
  left: -15px;
  z-index: -1;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-10deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-10deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-10deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(-10deg);
  transform: rotate(-10deg);
}
.stackthree::after {
  top: -2px;
  left: -10px;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-5deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-5deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-5deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(-5deg);
  transform: rotate(-5deg);
}

.stackthree::before, .stackthree::after {
  background: #768590;
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  z-index: -1;
  height: 0px\9;
  width: 0px\9;
  border: none\9;
}
.stackthree {
  float: left;
  position: relative;
  margin: 50px;
}
复制代码

为元素的兼容性

不论你使用单冒号还是双冒号语法,浏览器都能识别。因为IE8只支持单冒号的语法,所以,如果你想兼容IE8,保险的做法是使用单冒号。

原创:叫我詹躲躲
来源:掘金
链接:巧用伪元素before和after制作绚丽效果