SpringBoot2.1.6 整合CXF 实现Webservice

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SpringBoot2.1.6 整合CXF 实现Webservice

前言

最近LZ产品需要对接公司内部通讯工具,采用的是Webservice接口。产品框架用的SpringBoot2.1.6,于是采用整合CXF的方式实现Webservice接口。在这里分享下整合的demo。

代码实现
  1. 项目结构

    直接通过idea生成SpringBoot项目,也可以在http://start.spring.io生成。过于简单,这里不赘述。

    ![1561728847121](

)

  1. POM文件引入。这里引入的版本是3.2.4

    <dependency>          
        <groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>          
        <artifactId>cxf-spring-boot-starter-jaxws</artifactId>          			           <version>3.2.4</version>      
    </dependency>
    复制代码
  2. 接口与接口实现类

    package com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service;
    import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.entity.Student;
    import javax.jws.WebMethod;
    import javax.jws.WebService;
    import java.util.List;
    
    /**
     * IStudentService <br>
     * 〈〉
     *
     * @author XiaoQiang
     * @create 2019-6-27
     * @since 1.0.0
     */
    @WebService(targetNamespace = "http://service.cxf.xiaoqiang.com/") //命名一般是接口类的包名倒序
    public interface IStudentService {
    
        @WebMethod  //声明暴露服务的方法,可以不写
        List<Student> getStudentInfo();
    }
    复制代码
    package com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service.impl;
    
    import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.entity.Student;
    import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service.IStudentService;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
    import javax.jws.WebService;
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.List;
    /**
     * StudentServiceImpl <br>
     * 〈学生接口实现类〉
     *
     * @author XiaoQiang
     * @create 2019-6-27
     * @since 1.0.0
     */
    @WebService(serviceName = "studentService"//服务名
            ,targetNamespace = "http://service.cxf.xiaoqiang.com/" //报名倒叙,并且和接口定义保持一致
            ,endpointInterface = "com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service.IStudentService")//包名
    @Component
    public class StudentServiceImpl implements IStudentService {
    
        @Override
        public List<Student> getStudentInfo() {
            List<Student> stuList = new ArrayList<>();
            Student student = new Student();
            student.setAge(18);
            student.setScore(700);
            student.setName("小强");
            stuList.add(student);
            return stuList;
    
        }
    }
    
    复制代码
  3. 配置类

    package com.xiaoqiang.cxf.config;
    
    import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service.IStudentService;
    import org.apache.cxf.Bus;
    import org.apache.cxf.jaxws.EndpointImpl;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
    import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
    import javax.xml.ws.Endpoint;
    /**
     * CxfConfig <br>
     * 〈cxf配置类〉
     * @desription cxf发布webservice配置
     * @author XiaoQiang
     * @create 2019-6-27
     * @since 1.0.0
     */
    @Configuration
    public class CxfConfig {
    
        @Autowired
        private Bus bus;
    
        @Autowired
        private IStudentService studentService;
    
        /**
         * 站点服务
         * @return
         */
        @Bean
        public Endpoint studentServiceEndpoint(){
            EndpointImpl endpoint = new EndpointImpl(bus,studentService);
            endpoint.publish("/studentService");
            return endpoint;
        }
    }
    
    复制代码
  4. 启动Application

    http://ip:端口/项目路径/services/studentService?wsdl 查看生成的wsdl

测试
package com.xiaoqiang.cxf;

import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.entity.Student;
import com.xiaoqiang.cxf.service.IStudentService;
import org.apache.cxf.endpoint.Client;
import org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JaxWsProxyFactoryBean;
import org.apache.cxf.jaxws.endpoint.dynamic.JaxWsDynamicClientFactory;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class CxfApplicationTests {
	private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(CxfApplication.class);
	@Test
	public void contextLoads() {
	}
	/**
	 * 方法一:动态客户端调用
	 */
	@Test
	public void DynamicClient(){

		JaxWsDynamicClientFactory jwdcf = JaxWsDynamicClientFactory.newInstance();
		Client client = jwdcf.createClient("http://localhost:8080/services/studentService?wsdl");
		Object[] objects = new Object[0];

		try {
			objects = client.invoke("getStudentInfo");
			logger.info("获取学生信息==>{}",objects[0].toString());
			System.out.println("invoke实体:"+((ArrayList) objects[0]).get(0).getClass().getPackage());
			for(int i=0 ; i< ((ArrayList)objects[0]).size() ; i++){
				Student student = new Student();
				BeanUtils.copyProperties(((ArrayList) objects[0]).get(0),student);
				logger.info("DynamicClient方式,获取学生{}信息==> 姓名:{},年龄:{},分数:{}",i+1,
						student.getName(),student.getAge(),student.getScore());
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 代理类工厂
	 */
	@Test
	public void ProxyFactory(){

		String address = "http://localhost:8080/services/studentService?wsdl";
		//代理工厂
		JaxWsProxyFactoryBean factoryBean = new JaxWsProxyFactoryBean();
		//设置代理地址
		factoryBean.setAddress(address);
		//设置接口类型
		factoryBean.setServiceClass(IStudentService.class);
		//创建一个代理接口实现
		IStudentService studentService = (IStudentService) factoryBean.create();
		List<Student> studentList = studentService.getStudentInfo();
		for(int i=0 ; i< studentList.size() ; i++){
			Student student = studentList.get(i);
			logger.info("ProxyFactory方式,获取学生{}信息==> 姓名:{},年龄:{},分数:{}",i+1,
					student.getName(),student.getAge(),student.getScore());
		}
	}

}

复制代码
总结

1.接口与实现类中targetNamespace的注解是一定要写的,指明能够访问的接口

2.targetNamespace,最后面有一个斜线,通常是接口报名的反向顺序

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